Country Profiles

Region: Europe & Central Asia

Albania Corruption Report

The Albania country profile provides detailed information on the corruption risks across key sectors and on ...

Region: Middle East & North Africa

Algeria Corruption Report

Corruption is a serious obstacle to business in Algeria. Firms may encounter facilitation payments, nepotism and ...

Region: Sub-Saharan Africa

Angola Corruption Report

Pervasive corruption permeates all sectors of Angola's economy. Companies often pay facilitation payments and bribes to ...

Region: The Americas

Argentina Corruption Report

Businesses face very high risks of corruption in Argentina, especially in public procurement. Public officials often ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

Armenia Corruption Report

The Armenia country profile describes the levels of corruption across important business sectors, as well as ...

Region: East Asia & The Pacific

Australia Corruption Report

Australia has a favorable investment climate and has low levels of corruption. Facilitation payments are legal under ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

Austria Corruption Report

Corruption is not a problem for businesses in Austria, but public procurement does pose a risk. The government actively ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

Azerbaijan Corruption Report

Azerbaijan's government shows a lack of commitment to fighting corruption. Government officials act with impunity; ...

Region: Middle East & North Africa

Bahrain Corruption Report

Companies contend with moderate corruption risks when investing in Bahrain. This is mainly due to entrenched patronage ...

Region: South Asia

Bangladesh Corruption Report

Bangladesh has high levels of corruption in all sectors, posing significant risks to investors. Anti-corruption ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

Belarus Corruption Report

Corruption is widespread and obstructs a competitive business climate in Belarus. Bribery is criminalized, yet ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

Belgium Corruption Report

Corruption is not an issue for companies operating in Belgium, and bribery and/or facilitation payment demands are ...

Region: Sub-Saharan Africa

Benin Corruption Report

Corruption is widespread in Benin, with facilitation payments and bribery particularly problematic. Anti-corruption ...

Region: South Asia

Bhutan Corruption Report

Corruption is not a compliance concern for businesses investing or operating in Bhutan, although some sectors (e.g. ...

Region: The Americas

Bolivia Corruption Report

Corruption is a high risk across all sectors in Bolivia. Most forms of corruption are criminalized, but anti-corruption ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

Bosnia & Herzegovina Corruption Report

Corruption is a high risk for businesses in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Patronage and nepotism are widespread, and ...

Region: Sub-Saharan Africa

Botswana Corruption Report

Corruption risks are moderate is Botswana, which is considered as the least corrupt African country. Nevertheless, ...

Region: The Americas

Brazil Corruption Report

Corruption can hinder business operations in Brazil, although the Clean Company Act 2014 holds companies responsible ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

Bulgaria Corruption Report

Corruption is a problem for companies in Bulgaria, and facilitation payment demands when registering businesses or ...

Region: Sub-Saharan Africa

Burkina Faso Country Report

Corruption is pervasive in Burkina Faso and companies must be extremely diligent when dealing with any of the country's ...

Region: East Asia & The Pacific

Cambodia Corruption Report

Corruption in Cambodia is a significant risk for investors. An anti-corruption legal framework is in place but is ...

Region: Sub-Saharan Africa

Cameroon Corruption Report

Corruption in Cameroon is endemic, and business contends with frequent demands for bribes. Anti-corruption laws are ...

Region: The Americas

Canada Corruption Report

Companies operating in Canada face no significant corruption risks. Isolated cases involve the construction and public ...

Region: Sub-Saharan Africa

Central African Republic Corruption Report

The Central African Republic's profile details anti-corruption compliance risks, including legislation, enforcement, ...

Region: Sub-Saharan Africa

Chad Corruption Report

Investors in Chad face high corruption risks. Bribery and nepotism permeate all sectors of the economy. Enforcement of ...

Region: The Americas

Chile Corruption Report

There are few corruption risks in Chile: Anti-corruption regulations are enforced, and corrupt practices are generally ...

Region: East Asia & The Pacific

China Corruption Report

High levels of corruption is an obstacle for business in China, but anti-corruption legislation is increasingly ...

Region: The Americas

Colombia Corruption Report

Corruption is a serious obstacle for companies in Colombia. For instance, gifts and facilitation payments are ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

Croatia Corruption Report

Corruption, political patronage and inefficient bureaucracy are compliance risks in Croatia. The Criminal Code ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

Cyprus Corruption Report

Cyprus has a strong legal anti-corruption framework and has implemented laws effectively; however, the banking sector ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

Czech Republic Corruption Report

Corruption is a high risk for businesses in the Czech Republic. Anti-corruption laws are poorly enforced, and bribes ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

Denmark Corruption Report

Denmark is regarded as one of the world’s least corrupt countries, and corrupt practices rarely occur when doing ...

Region: Sub-Saharan Africa

DR Congo Corruption Report

The Democratic Republic of the Congo's profile details anti-corruption compliance risks, including legislation, ...

Region: The Americas

Ecuador Corruption Report

Corruption poses significant business risks in Ecuador. The country's anti-corruption legal framework is not adequately ...

Region: Middle East & North Africa

Egypt Corruption Report

Companies in Egypt are likely to encounter corruption, with facilitation payments and bribery being common. ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

Estonia Corruption Report

Corruption is not a high risk for companies in Estonia, and bribery is uncommon. The relevant anti-corruption laws are ...

Region: Sub-Saharan Africa

Ethiopia Corruption Report

Corruption is widespread in Ethiopia, and businesses regularly face demands for bribes and facilitation payments. ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

Finland Corruption Report

Corruption is not a constraint to doing business in Finland. Regulations are well-developed and transparent, and ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

France Corruption Report

Corruption is a very low risk for companies in France. The country has a strong legal framework to fight corruption, ...

Region: Sub-Saharan Africa

Gabon Corruption Report

The Gabon country profile details anti-corruption compliance risks, including legislation, enforcement, and corruption ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

Georgia Corruption Report

Corruption is a low risk for companies looking to invest in Georgia, for the government has reduced corruption and ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

Germany Corruption Report

Corruption is a very low risk for businesses in Germany, which enforces its anti-corruption legal framework both at ...

Region: Sub-Saharan Africa

Ghana Corruption Report

Corruption is a high risk in Ghana's public procurement sector. Officials often ask for 'dash' (facilitation payments) ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

Greece Corruption Report

Corruption is a very high risk for businesses investing in Greece, and bribery or other corrupt practices are likely to ...

Region: The Americas

Guatemala Corruption Report

The Guatemala country profile provides an overview of corruption risks, including analysis across key sectors and a ...

Region: The Americas

Honduras Corruption Report

All sectors of Honduras's economy suffer from corruption. Patronage, clientelism, and gifts are widespread, and bribery ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

Hungary Corruption Report

Corruption is a high risk for business in Hungary, particularly when dealing with public procurement. Anti-corruption ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

Iceland Corruption Report

Corruption is generally not tolerated in Iceland. While a few isolated cases of corruption do occur, it is not ...

Region: South Asia

India Corruption Report

Corruption is considered an obstacle to business in India, and companies face a high risk of encountering bribery or ...

Region: East Asia & The Pacific

Indonesia Corruption Report

Political corruption and bribery are serious impediments for business in Indonesia. Indonesia's anti-corruption ...

Region: Middle East & North Africa

Iran Corruption Report

The Iran corruption risk profile includes sector-specific risk levels and information on anti-corruption legislation ...

Region: Middle East & North Africa

Iraq Corruption Report

Corruption presents companies operating or planning to invest in Iraq with high risks. Offering bribes and gifts to do ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

Ireland Corruption Report

Corruption is not a concern for businesses operating in Ireland, although companies face bribery risks at local ...

Region: Middle East & North Africa

Israel Corruption Report

The Israel profile details anti-corruption compliance risks, including legislation, enforcement, and corruption in key ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

Italy Corruption Report

Corruption is a high risk for companies operating in Italy. The integrity of public officials is marred by their ...

Region: East Asia & The Pacific

Japan Corruption Report

Japan has very low levels of corruption, and anti-corruption legislation is enforced. Gifts and facilitation payments ...

Region: Middle East & North Africa

Jordan Corruption Report

Corruption in Jordan presents businesses with high risks, and the use of middlemen ('wasta') is common to carry out ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

Kazakhstan Corruption Report

Corruption is a high risk across most sectors in Kazakhstan. Bribery is rampant, and the government is ineffective in ...

Region: Sub-Saharan Africa

Kenya Corruption Report

A weak judicial system and regular extortion and facilitation payment demands by state officials represent the major ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

Kosovo Corruption Report

Corruption in Kosovo is a high risk for business. Bribery is often a problem when dealing with public officials in ...

Region: Middle East & North Africa

Kuwait Corruption Report

Bribery, facilitation payments and gifts are common in Kuwait. The elite controls most business sectors, and ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

Kyrgyzstan Corruption Report

Rampant public-sector corruption and the weak enforcement of laws in Kyrgyzstan result in high anti-corruption ...

Region: East Asia & The Pacific

Laos Corruption Report

The Laos corruption risk profile includes sector-specific risk levels and information on anti-corruption legislation ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

Latvia Corruption Report

Corruption is an obstacle to business in Latvia, particularly in the public procurement sector. Firms may encounter ...

Region: Middle East & North Africa

Lebanon Corruption Report

The Lebanon corruption risk profile includes sector-specific risk levels and information on anti-corruption legislation ...

Region: Middle East & North Africa

Libya Corruption Report

All sectors of Libya's economy suffer from widespread corruption, so the country poses significant anti-corruption ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

Lithuania Corruption Report

Corruption is not an obstacle to business in Lithuania, but companies may encounter bribery or other corrupt practices ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

Luxembourg Corruption Report

Corruption is not an obstacle to business in Luxembourg. Companies are unlikely to encounter bribery or facilitation ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

Macedonia Corruption Report

Corruption is among the main challenges companies face in Macedonia. Businesses complain about bureaucratic red tape in ...

Region: Sub-Saharan Africa

Malawi Corruption Report

Corruption is widespread in Malawi, and businesses contend with frequent demands for bribery when operating in all ...

Region: East Asia & The Pacific

Malaysia Corruption Report

The risk of business corruption in Malaysia is low as a result of effective government anti-corruption strategies. Read ...

Region: Sub-Saharan Africa

Mali Corruption Report

Mali is among the most corrupt countries in the world; accordingly, the anti-corruption compliance risks for businesses ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

Malta Corruption Report

Corruption is a low risk for companies in Malta. The government has a comprehensive anti-corruption legal framework in ...

Region: Sub-Saharan Africa

Mauritania Corruption Report

Significant anti-corruption compliance risks exist in Mauritania: All sectors of the economy suffer from corruption, ...

Region: The Americas

Mexico Corruption Report

Companies in Mexico face a high risk of corruption. The country's robust legal framework is poorly enforced, leading to ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

Moldova Corruption Report

Corruption is a high risk for companies in Moldova. The government lacks transparency, and public officials commit ...

Region: East Asia & The Pacific

Mongolia Corruption Report

The Mongolian profile details anti-corruption compliance risks, including legislation, enforcement, and corruption in ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

Montenegro Corruption Report

Despite progress in public administrative reforms and efforts to improve the business environment, corruption remains a ...

Region: Middle East & North Africa

Morocco Corruption Report

Corruption negatively impacts companies in Morocco, with patronage, nepotism and 'wasta' (the use of middlemen) being ...

Region: Sub-Saharan Africa

Mozambique Corruption Report

Corruption risks in Mozambique are very high. Petty corruption, bribery, gifts and patronage networks are widespread ...

Region: East Asia & The Pacific

Myanmar Corruption Report

Myanmar has a very high risk of corruption across all sectors, and anti-corruption legislation is not enforced. Read ...

Region: Sub-Saharan Africa

Namibia Corruption Report

Namibia's procurement sector is vulnerable to corruption. The country has a strong legislative framework, but laws are ...

Region: South Asia

Nepal Corruption Report

Corruption is widespread in Nepal. Companies contend with high risks of kickbacks and bribery when registering ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

Netherlands Corruption Report

Corruption is a low risk for businesses in the Netherlands. The anti-corruption legal framework is extensive and is ...

Region: East Asia & The Pacific

New Zealand Corruption Report

New Zealand is generally a low-risk country. Facilitation payments and gifts are illegal, and anti-corruption laws are ...

Region: The Americas

Nicaragua Corruption Report

The Nicaragua country profile details corruption risks across key sectors, as well as information on anti-corruption ...

Region: Sub-Saharan Africa

Niger Corruption Report

Corruption is a high risk in Niger, especially in the police and the judiciary. Niger's legal anti-corruption framework ...

Region: Sub-Saharan Africa

Nigeria Corruption Report

Corruption negatively affects business in Nigeria, and companies are very likely to encounter bribery or other corrupt ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

Norway Corruption Report

Corruption is a very low risk for companies in Norway. The anti-corruption legal framework is well enforced,and ...

Region: Middle East & North Africa

Oman Corruption Report

Corruption risks are low in Oman. Petty corruption is not widespread and bribes are rarely exchanged, yet there are ...

Region: South Asia

Pakistan Corruption Report

Corruption is a significant risk to business operations in Pakistan, and companies are likely to encounter bribery and ...

Region: The Americas

Paraguay Corruption Report

Corruption hinders business in Paraguay. Anti-corruption laws cover many offenses, but a lack of enforcement leads to ...

Region: The Americas

Peru Corruption Report

Corruption in Peru pervades all sectors of the economy and is particularly prevalent in public procurement. ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

Poland Corruption Report

Corruption is a high risk for business in Poland, and companies are likely to encounter bribery. Anti-corruption laws ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

Portugal Corruption Report

Companies in Portugal may encounter corruption ( the procurement sector poses risks) but do not identify it as a ...

Region: Middle East & North Africa

Qatar Corruption Report

Corruption in Qatar does not impede business, yet practices such as 'wasta' (the use of middlemen) and gift giving are ...

Region: Sub-Saharan Africa

Republic of the Congo Corruption Report

The Republic of the Congo (Congo-Brazzaville) corruption profile includes sector-specific risk levels and information ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

Romania Corruption Report

Corruption is a high risk in some sectors in Romania. Foreign investors complain of occasional requests for bribes when ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

Russia Corruption Report

Corruption is a high risk in Russia, and companies may encounter bribery or facilitation payment requests. ...

Region: Middle East & North Africa

Saudi Arabia Corruption Report

Companies face a high risk of corruption (through, e.g., nepotism and abuse of office) in Saudi Arabia. Anti-corruption ...

Region: Sub-Saharan Africa

Senegal Corruption Report

Corruption in Senegal is prevalent in most sectors of business, and petty corruption is common. Laws are insufficiently ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

Serbia Corruption Report

Corruption is a significant risk across sectors in Serbia. Bribery is widespread; public procurement is particularly ...

Region: East Asia & The Pacific

Singapore Corruption Report

Singapore: anti-corruption compliance risks, anti-corruption legislation information, and sector-specific risk levels. ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

Slovakia Corruption Report

Businesses in Slovakia contend with high corruption risks. The lack of effective anti-corruption enforcement allows for ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

Slovenia Corruption Report

Corruption is an obstacle to business in Slovenia, particularly in the public procurement sector. Public officials ...

Region: Sub-Saharan Africa

Somalia Corruption Report

Somalia is among the world's most corrupt countries. Bribery is commonplace across all sectors, resulting in ...

Region: Sub-Saharan Africa

South Africa Corruption Report

Corruption is a risk when doing business in South Africa, especially in the public procurement sector. Anti-corruption ...

Region: East Asia & The Pacific

South Korea Corruption Report

Corruption does not impact business dealings in South Korea, although collusion sometimes occurs. Korean law has no ...

Region: Sub-Saharan Africa

South Sudan Corruption Report

Corruption risks exist in a number of key sectors in South Sudan. Anti-corruption legislation is not enforced, and ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

Spain Corruption Report

Corruption is an impediment to business in Spain. Despite this, bribery does not appear to be widespread and ...

Region: South Asia

Sri Lanka Corruption Report

Varying degrees of corruption should be expected in most sectors in Sri Lanka. It's a high-risk country due to a lack ...

Region: Sub-Saharan Africa

Sudan Corruption Report

Corruption in Sudan is a high risk for businesses; embezzlement, bribery and cronyism are among the most serious issues ...

Region: The Americas

Suriname Corruption Report

The Suriname country profile details the country's anti-corruption compliance risks, including corruption in key ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

Sweden Corruption Report

No sector in Sweden carries significant corruption risks for businesses. The country has a strong legal framework to ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

Switzerland Corruption Report

Corruption is not a risk to business in Switzerland. The public sector is transparent and efficient, although there are ...

Region: East Asia & The Pacific

Taiwan Corruption Report

The Taiwan country profile includes an analysis of corruption risks across key sectors and an assessment of the ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

Tajikistan Corruption Report

Corruption permeates almost all sectors of the economy in Tajikistan. A strong anti-corruption compliance program is ...

Region: Sub-Saharan Africa

Tanzania Corruption Report

There is a high risk of corruption across all sectors in Tanzania, and facilitation payments and gifts are often ...

Region: East Asia & The Pacific

Thailand Corruption Report

Corruption is a major obstacle to business in Thailand, and companies are likely to encounter bribery and other ...

Region: East Asia & The Pacific

The Philippines Corruption Report

Corruption presents significant business risks in the Philippines. Bribery is common in many sectors, and ...

Region: Middle East & North Africa

Tunisia Corruption Report

Corruption in Tunisia presents business with moderate anti-corruption compliance risks. Anti-corruption laws are poorly ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

Turkey Corruption Report

Corruption is widespread in Turkey and is prevalent in the public procurement and construction sectors. Anti-corruption ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

Turkmenistan Corruption Report

Turkmenistan suffers from widespread corruption across all sectors. A strong anti-corruption compliance program is ...

Region: Sub-Saharan Africa

Uganda Corruption Report

There is a high risk of corruption in Uganda, and under-the-table cash payments are expected. Anti-corruption laws are ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

Ukraine Corruption Report

Corruption is a significant business risk in Ukraine. Public officials frequently demand bribes, severely complicating ...

Region: Middle East & North Africa

United Arab Emirates Corruption Report

The United Arab Emirates offers a business-friendly environment. Corruption laws are enforced, but information on ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

United Kingdom Corruption Report

Corruption is a very low risk for companies in the United Kingdom. The UK Bribery Act criminalizes corruption offenses ...

Region: The Americas

Uruguay Corruption Report

Corruption is a low risk for companies operating in Uruguay, which actively prosecutes offenses. Facilitation payments ...

Region: The Americas

USA Corruption Report

Corruption is a very low risk in the USA, which leads the way in prosecuting offenses worldwide through the Foreign ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

Uzbekistan Corruption Report

Corruption is a high risk in Uzbekistan and is widespread across all sectors of the economy. Government officials ...

Region: The Americas

Venezuela Corruption Report

The Venezuela country profile details the country's anti-corruption compliance risks, including corruption in key ...

Region: East Asia & The Pacific

Vietnam Corruption Report

The Vietnam country profile details high risks of corruption. A legal framework for anti-corruption exists but is not ...

Region: Middle East & North Africa

Yemen Corruption Report

Bribery, gifts, and other forms of corruption are rife in Yemen. Anti-corruption laws exist but do not cover all forms ...

Region: Sub-Saharan Africa

Zambia Corruption Report

In most sectors, corruption is a high risk for businesses in Zambia. Bribery and red tape pose obstacles, and ...

Region: Sub-Saharan Africa

Zimbabwe Corruption Report

Zimbabwe's anti-corruption compliance business risks include nepotism and petty corruption. Anti-corruption laws are ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

Albania Corruption Report

The Albania country profile provides detailed information on the corruption risks across key sectors and on ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

Armenia Corruption Report

The Armenia country profile describes the levels of corruption across important business sectors, as well as ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

Austria Corruption Report

Corruption is not a problem for businesses in Austria, but public procurement does pose a risk. The government actively ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

Azerbaijan Corruption Report

Azerbaijan's government shows a lack of commitment to fighting corruption. Government officials act with impunity; ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

Belarus Corruption Report

Corruption is widespread and obstructs a competitive business climate in Belarus. Bribery is criminalized, yet ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

Belgium Corruption Report

Corruption is not an issue for companies operating in Belgium, and bribery and/or facilitation payment demands are ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

Bosnia & Herzegovina Corruption Report

Corruption is a high risk for businesses in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Patronage and nepotism are widespread, and ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

Bulgaria Corruption Report

Corruption is a problem for companies in Bulgaria, and facilitation payment demands when registering businesses or ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

Croatia Corruption Report

Corruption, political patronage and inefficient bureaucracy are compliance risks in Croatia. The Criminal Code ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

Cyprus Corruption Report

Cyprus has a strong legal anti-corruption framework and has implemented laws effectively; however, the banking sector ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

Czech Republic Corruption Report

Corruption is a high risk for businesses in the Czech Republic. Anti-corruption laws are poorly enforced, and bribes ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

Denmark Corruption Report

Denmark is regarded as one of the world’s least corrupt countries, and corrupt practices rarely occur when doing ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

Estonia Corruption Report

Corruption is not a high risk for companies in Estonia, and bribery is uncommon. The relevant anti-corruption laws are ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

Finland Corruption Report

Corruption is not a constraint to doing business in Finland. Regulations are well-developed and transparent, and ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

France Corruption Report

Corruption is a very low risk for companies in France. The country has a strong legal framework to fight corruption, ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

Georgia Corruption Report

Corruption is a low risk for companies looking to invest in Georgia, for the government has reduced corruption and ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

Germany Corruption Report

Corruption is a very low risk for businesses in Germany, which enforces its anti-corruption legal framework both at ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

Greece Corruption Report

Corruption is a very high risk for businesses investing in Greece, and bribery or other corrupt practices are likely to ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

Hungary Corruption Report

Corruption is a high risk for business in Hungary, particularly when dealing with public procurement. Anti-corruption ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

Iceland Corruption Report

Corruption is generally not tolerated in Iceland. While a few isolated cases of corruption do occur, it is not ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

Ireland Corruption Report

Corruption is not a concern for businesses operating in Ireland, although companies face bribery risks at local ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

Italy Corruption Report

Corruption is a high risk for companies operating in Italy. The integrity of public officials is marred by their ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

Kazakhstan Corruption Report

Corruption is a high risk across most sectors in Kazakhstan. Bribery is rampant, and the government is ineffective in ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

Kosovo Corruption Report

Corruption in Kosovo is a high risk for business. Bribery is often a problem when dealing with public officials in ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

Kyrgyzstan Corruption Report

Rampant public-sector corruption and the weak enforcement of laws in Kyrgyzstan result in high anti-corruption ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

Latvia Corruption Report

Corruption is an obstacle to business in Latvia, particularly in the public procurement sector. Firms may encounter ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

Lithuania Corruption Report

Corruption is not an obstacle to business in Lithuania, but companies may encounter bribery or other corrupt practices ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

Luxembourg Corruption Report

Corruption is not an obstacle to business in Luxembourg. Companies are unlikely to encounter bribery or facilitation ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

Macedonia Corruption Report

Corruption is among the main challenges companies face in Macedonia. Businesses complain about bureaucratic red tape in ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

Malta Corruption Report

Corruption is a low risk for companies in Malta. The government has a comprehensive anti-corruption legal framework in ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

Moldova Corruption Report

Corruption is a high risk for companies in Moldova. The government lacks transparency, and public officials commit ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

Montenegro Corruption Report

Despite progress in public administrative reforms and efforts to improve the business environment, corruption remains a ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

Netherlands Corruption Report

Corruption is a low risk for businesses in the Netherlands. The anti-corruption legal framework is extensive and is ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

Norway Corruption Report

Corruption is a very low risk for companies in Norway. The anti-corruption legal framework is well enforced,and ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

Poland Corruption Report

Corruption is a high risk for business in Poland, and companies are likely to encounter bribery. Anti-corruption laws ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

Portugal Corruption Report

Companies in Portugal may encounter corruption ( the procurement sector poses risks) but do not identify it as a ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

Romania Corruption Report

Corruption is a high risk in some sectors in Romania. Foreign investors complain of occasional requests for bribes when ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

Russia Corruption Report

Corruption is a high risk in Russia, and companies may encounter bribery or facilitation payment requests. ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

Serbia Corruption Report

Corruption is a significant risk across sectors in Serbia. Bribery is widespread; public procurement is particularly ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

Slovakia Corruption Report

Businesses in Slovakia contend with high corruption risks. The lack of effective anti-corruption enforcement allows for ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

Slovenia Corruption Report

Corruption is an obstacle to business in Slovenia, particularly in the public procurement sector. Public officials ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

Spain Corruption Report

Corruption is an impediment to business in Spain. Despite this, bribery does not appear to be widespread and ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

Sweden Corruption Report

No sector in Sweden carries significant corruption risks for businesses. The country has a strong legal framework to ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

Switzerland Corruption Report

Corruption is not a risk to business in Switzerland. The public sector is transparent and efficient, although there are ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

Tajikistan Corruption Report

Corruption permeates almost all sectors of the economy in Tajikistan. A strong anti-corruption compliance program is ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

Turkey Corruption Report

Corruption is widespread in Turkey and is prevalent in the public procurement and construction sectors. Anti-corruption ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

Turkmenistan Corruption Report

Turkmenistan suffers from widespread corruption across all sectors. A strong anti-corruption compliance program is ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

Ukraine Corruption Report

Corruption is a significant business risk in Ukraine. Public officials frequently demand bribes, severely complicating ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

United Kingdom Corruption Report

Corruption is a very low risk for companies in the United Kingdom. The UK Bribery Act criminalizes corruption offenses ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

Uzbekistan Corruption Report

Corruption is a high risk in Uzbekistan and is widespread across all sectors of the economy. Government officials ...

Region: South Asia

Bangladesh Corruption Report

Bangladesh has high levels of corruption in all sectors, posing significant risks to investors. Anti-corruption ...

Region: South Asia

Bhutan Corruption Report

Corruption is not a compliance concern for businesses investing or operating in Bhutan, although some sectors (e.g. ...

Region: South Asia

India Corruption Report

Corruption is considered an obstacle to business in India, and companies face a high risk of encountering bribery or ...

Region: South Asia

Nepal Corruption Report

Corruption is widespread in Nepal. Companies contend with high risks of kickbacks and bribery when registering ...

Region: South Asia

Pakistan Corruption Report

Corruption is a significant risk to business operations in Pakistan, and companies are likely to encounter bribery and ...

Region: South Asia

Sri Lanka Corruption Report

Varying degrees of corruption should be expected in most sectors in Sri Lanka. It's a high-risk country due to a lack ...

Region: East Asia & The Pacific

Australia Corruption Report

Australia has a favorable investment climate and has low levels of corruption. Facilitation payments are legal under ...

Region: East Asia & The Pacific

Cambodia Corruption Report

Corruption in Cambodia is a significant risk for investors. An anti-corruption legal framework is in place but is ...

Region: East Asia & The Pacific

China Corruption Report

High levels of corruption is an obstacle for business in China, but anti-corruption legislation is increasingly ...

Region: East Asia & The Pacific

Indonesia Corruption Report

Political corruption and bribery are serious impediments for business in Indonesia. Indonesia's anti-corruption ...

Region: East Asia & The Pacific

Japan Corruption Report

Japan has very low levels of corruption, and anti-corruption legislation is enforced. Gifts and facilitation payments ...

Region: East Asia & The Pacific

Laos Corruption Report

The Laos corruption risk profile includes sector-specific risk levels and information on anti-corruption legislation ...

Region: East Asia & The Pacific

Malaysia Corruption Report

The risk of business corruption in Malaysia is low as a result of effective government anti-corruption strategies. Read ...

Region: East Asia & The Pacific

Mongolia Corruption Report

The Mongolian profile details anti-corruption compliance risks, including legislation, enforcement, and corruption in ...

Region: East Asia & The Pacific

Myanmar Corruption Report

Myanmar has a very high risk of corruption across all sectors, and anti-corruption legislation is not enforced. Read ...

Region: East Asia & The Pacific

New Zealand Corruption Report

New Zealand is generally a low-risk country. Facilitation payments and gifts are illegal, and anti-corruption laws are ...

Region: East Asia & The Pacific

Singapore Corruption Report

Singapore: anti-corruption compliance risks, anti-corruption legislation information, and sector-specific risk levels. ...

Region: East Asia & The Pacific

South Korea Corruption Report

Corruption does not impact business dealings in South Korea, although collusion sometimes occurs. Korean law has no ...

Region: East Asia & The Pacific

Taiwan Corruption Report

The Taiwan country profile includes an analysis of corruption risks across key sectors and an assessment of the ...

Region: East Asia & The Pacific

Thailand Corruption Report

Corruption is a major obstacle to business in Thailand, and companies are likely to encounter bribery and other ...

Region: East Asia & The Pacific

The Philippines Corruption Report

Corruption presents significant business risks in the Philippines. Bribery is common in many sectors, and ...

Region: East Asia & The Pacific

Vietnam Corruption Report

The Vietnam country profile details high risks of corruption. A legal framework for anti-corruption exists but is not ...

Region: Sub-Saharan Africa

Angola Corruption Report

Pervasive corruption permeates all sectors of Angola's economy. Companies often pay facilitation payments and bribes to ...

Region: Sub-Saharan Africa

Benin Corruption Report

Corruption is widespread in Benin, with facilitation payments and bribery particularly problematic. Anti-corruption ...

Region: Sub-Saharan Africa

Botswana Corruption Report

Corruption risks are moderate is Botswana, which is considered as the least corrupt African country. Nevertheless, ...

Region: Sub-Saharan Africa

Burkina Faso Country Report

Corruption is pervasive in Burkina Faso and companies must be extremely diligent when dealing with any of the country's ...

Region: Sub-Saharan Africa

Cameroon Corruption Report

Corruption in Cameroon is endemic, and business contends with frequent demands for bribes. Anti-corruption laws are ...

Region: Sub-Saharan Africa

Central African Republic Corruption Report

The Central African Republic's profile details anti-corruption compliance risks, including legislation, enforcement, ...

Region: Sub-Saharan Africa

Chad Corruption Report

Investors in Chad face high corruption risks. Bribery and nepotism permeate all sectors of the economy. Enforcement of ...

Region: Sub-Saharan Africa

DR Congo Corruption Report

The Democratic Republic of the Congo's profile details anti-corruption compliance risks, including legislation, ...

Region: Sub-Saharan Africa

Ethiopia Corruption Report

Corruption is widespread in Ethiopia, and businesses regularly face demands for bribes and facilitation payments. ...

Region: Sub-Saharan Africa

Gabon Corruption Report

The Gabon country profile details anti-corruption compliance risks, including legislation, enforcement, and corruption ...

Region: Sub-Saharan Africa

Ghana Corruption Report

Corruption is a high risk in Ghana's public procurement sector. Officials often ask for 'dash' (facilitation payments) ...

Region: Sub-Saharan Africa

Kenya Corruption Report

A weak judicial system and regular extortion and facilitation payment demands by state officials represent the major ...

Region: Sub-Saharan Africa

Malawi Corruption Report

Corruption is widespread in Malawi, and businesses contend with frequent demands for bribery when operating in all ...

Region: Sub-Saharan Africa

Mali Corruption Report

Mali is among the most corrupt countries in the world; accordingly, the anti-corruption compliance risks for businesses ...

Region: Sub-Saharan Africa

Mauritania Corruption Report

Significant anti-corruption compliance risks exist in Mauritania: All sectors of the economy suffer from corruption, ...

Region: Sub-Saharan Africa

Mozambique Corruption Report

Corruption risks in Mozambique are very high. Petty corruption, bribery, gifts and patronage networks are widespread ...

Region: Sub-Saharan Africa

Namibia Corruption Report

Namibia's procurement sector is vulnerable to corruption. The country has a strong legislative framework, but laws are ...

Region: Sub-Saharan Africa

Niger Corruption Report

Corruption is a high risk in Niger, especially in the police and the judiciary. Niger's legal anti-corruption framework ...

Region: Sub-Saharan Africa

Nigeria Corruption Report

Corruption negatively affects business in Nigeria, and companies are very likely to encounter bribery or other corrupt ...

Region: Sub-Saharan Africa

Republic of the Congo Corruption Report

The Republic of the Congo (Congo-Brazzaville) corruption profile includes sector-specific risk levels and information ...

Region: Sub-Saharan Africa

Senegal Corruption Report

Corruption in Senegal is prevalent in most sectors of business, and petty corruption is common. Laws are insufficiently ...

Region: Sub-Saharan Africa

Somalia Corruption Report

Somalia is among the world's most corrupt countries. Bribery is commonplace across all sectors, resulting in ...

Region: Sub-Saharan Africa

South Africa Corruption Report

Corruption is a risk when doing business in South Africa, especially in the public procurement sector. Anti-corruption ...

Region: Sub-Saharan Africa

South Sudan Corruption Report

Corruption risks exist in a number of key sectors in South Sudan. Anti-corruption legislation is not enforced, and ...

Region: Sub-Saharan Africa

Sudan Corruption Report

Corruption in Sudan is a high risk for businesses; embezzlement, bribery and cronyism are among the most serious issues ...

Region: Sub-Saharan Africa

Tanzania Corruption Report

There is a high risk of corruption across all sectors in Tanzania, and facilitation payments and gifts are often ...

Region: Sub-Saharan Africa

Uganda Corruption Report

There is a high risk of corruption in Uganda, and under-the-table cash payments are expected. Anti-corruption laws are ...

Region: Sub-Saharan Africa

Zambia Corruption Report

In most sectors, corruption is a high risk for businesses in Zambia. Bribery and red tape pose obstacles, and ...

Region: Sub-Saharan Africa

Zimbabwe Corruption Report

Zimbabwe's anti-corruption compliance business risks include nepotism and petty corruption. Anti-corruption laws are ...

Region: Middle East & North Africa

Algeria Corruption Report

Corruption is a serious obstacle to business in Algeria. Firms may encounter facilitation payments, nepotism and ...

Region: Middle East & North Africa

Bahrain Corruption Report

Companies contend with moderate corruption risks when investing in Bahrain. This is mainly due to entrenched patronage ...

Region: Middle East & North Africa

Egypt Corruption Report

Companies in Egypt are likely to encounter corruption, with facilitation payments and bribery being common. ...

Region: Middle East & North Africa

Iran Corruption Report

The Iran corruption risk profile includes sector-specific risk levels and information on anti-corruption legislation ...

Region: Middle East & North Africa

Iraq Corruption Report

Corruption presents companies operating or planning to invest in Iraq with high risks. Offering bribes and gifts to do ...

Region: Middle East & North Africa

Israel Corruption Report

The Israel profile details anti-corruption compliance risks, including legislation, enforcement, and corruption in key ...

Region: Middle East & North Africa

Jordan Corruption Report

Corruption in Jordan presents businesses with high risks, and the use of middlemen ('wasta') is common to carry out ...

Region: Middle East & North Africa

Kuwait Corruption Report

Bribery, facilitation payments and gifts are common in Kuwait. The elite controls most business sectors, and ...

Region: Middle East & North Africa

Lebanon Corruption Report

The Lebanon corruption risk profile includes sector-specific risk levels and information on anti-corruption legislation ...

Region: Middle East & North Africa

Libya Corruption Report

All sectors of Libya's economy suffer from widespread corruption, so the country poses significant anti-corruption ...

Region: Middle East & North Africa

Morocco Corruption Report

Corruption negatively impacts companies in Morocco, with patronage, nepotism and 'wasta' (the use of middlemen) being ...

Region: Middle East & North Africa

Oman Corruption Report

Corruption risks are low in Oman. Petty corruption is not widespread and bribes are rarely exchanged, yet there are ...

Region: Middle East & North Africa

Qatar Corruption Report

Corruption in Qatar does not impede business, yet practices such as 'wasta' (the use of middlemen) and gift giving are ...

Region: Middle East & North Africa

Saudi Arabia Corruption Report

Companies face a high risk of corruption (through, e.g., nepotism and abuse of office) in Saudi Arabia. Anti-corruption ...

Region: Middle East & North Africa

Tunisia Corruption Report

Corruption in Tunisia presents business with moderate anti-corruption compliance risks. Anti-corruption laws are poorly ...

Region: Middle East & North Africa

United Arab Emirates Corruption Report

The United Arab Emirates offers a business-friendly environment. Corruption laws are enforced, but information on ...

Region: Middle East & North Africa

Yemen Corruption Report

Bribery, gifts, and other forms of corruption are rife in Yemen. Anti-corruption laws exist but do not cover all forms ...

Region: The Americas

Argentina Corruption Report

Businesses face very high risks of corruption in Argentina, especially in public procurement. Public officials often ...

Region: The Americas

Bolivia Corruption Report

Corruption is a high risk across all sectors in Bolivia. Most forms of corruption are criminalized, but anti-corruption ...

Region: The Americas

Brazil Corruption Report

Corruption can hinder business operations in Brazil, although the Clean Company Act 2014 holds companies responsible ...

Region: The Americas

Canada Corruption Report

Companies operating in Canada face no significant corruption risks. Isolated cases involve the construction and public ...

Region: The Americas

Chile Corruption Report

There are few corruption risks in Chile: Anti-corruption regulations are enforced, and corrupt practices are generally ...

Region: The Americas

Colombia Corruption Report

Corruption is a serious obstacle for companies in Colombia. For instance, gifts and facilitation payments are ...

Region: The Americas

Ecuador Corruption Report

Corruption poses significant business risks in Ecuador. The country's anti-corruption legal framework is not adequately ...

Region: The Americas

Guatemala Corruption Report

The Guatemala country profile provides an overview of corruption risks, including analysis across key sectors and a ...

Region: The Americas

Honduras Corruption Report

All sectors of Honduras's economy suffer from corruption. Patronage, clientelism, and gifts are widespread, and bribery ...

Region: The Americas

Mexico Corruption Report

Companies in Mexico face a high risk of corruption. The country's robust legal framework is poorly enforced, leading to ...

Region: The Americas

Nicaragua Corruption Report

The Nicaragua country profile details corruption risks across key sectors, as well as information on anti-corruption ...

Region: The Americas

Paraguay Corruption Report

Corruption hinders business in Paraguay. Anti-corruption laws cover many offenses, but a lack of enforcement leads to ...

Region: The Americas

Peru Corruption Report

Corruption in Peru pervades all sectors of the economy and is particularly prevalent in public procurement. ...

Region: The Americas

Suriname Corruption Report

The Suriname country profile details the country's anti-corruption compliance risks, including corruption in key ...

Region: The Americas

Uruguay Corruption Report

Corruption is a low risk for companies operating in Uruguay, which actively prosecutes offenses. Facilitation payments ...

Region: The Americas

USA Corruption Report

Corruption is a very low risk in the USA, which leads the way in prosecuting offenses worldwide through the Foreign ...

Region: The Americas

Venezuela Corruption Report

The Venezuela country profile details the country's anti-corruption compliance risks, including corruption in key ...