Indonesia Country Profile
Snapshot of the Indonesia Country Profile
Indonesia has witnessed some economic growth in recent years, mainly on the back of booming private investment and consumption. Foreign investment is on the rise in Indonesia and there are significant improvements in the general investment climate. Despite the deregulation process being successfully implemented, investors still point at corruption, red tape and an uncertain legal environment as the main challenges for conducting business in the country. Companies continue to be concerned about concessions based on personal relationships and demands for irregular fees to obtain government contracts, permits or licences.
Positive developments in relation to corruption and investment:
- Indonesia is trying to break a long tradition of corruption by implementing transparent and accountable governance.
- Several politicians, legislators and former ministers have been sentenced on corruption charges under the current President, Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono.
- Indonesia has a relatively open foreign investment regime. Recent reforms have put greater emphasis on improving the business climate, enhancing regional competitiveness, and creating a more vibrant private sector.
Risks of corruption:
- Bribery typically occurs during licensing procedures, as the level of bribes is positively correlated to the number of business licences a company must obtain in order to comply with regulations.
- Despite improvements in recent years, tax and customs administrations in Indonesia are perceived by many in the business community as corrupt, and many regulations as onerous.
- Indonesia has a complex regulatory and legal environment that leads many foreign and domestic companies to avoid the justice system. Companies are often advised by legal experts to resolve disputes through arbitration outside Indonesia, because the judicial system operates irregularly and opaquely.
- Investors point at corruption and red tape as the main challenges to doing business in the country.
- The existing laws in Indonesia do not cover offences such as bribery of foreign officials and private sector corruption, but the latter is classified as an offence if it involves state officials, or where there is loss caused to the state finance or economy.
Indonesia Corruption News
- Jakata Globe:
'Integrity Over Corruption', 3 May 2013
- Jakarta Globe:
'Salary Raise Won't Stop Corrupt Judges and Prosecutors: Attorney General', 17 Apr. 2013
- Trust Law:
'Corruption remains pervasive in Indonesia, industry officials warn', 2 Apr. 2013
- Jakarta Globe:
'KPK arrests West Java judge for allegedly taking bribe in corruption case', 22 Mar. 2013
- Jakarta Post:
'Djoko’s assets indicate massive graft at National Police', 20 Mar. 2013
'Indonesian minister questioned over corruption case', 14 Mar. 2013
- Associated Press:
'Indonesian anti-graft commission names ruling party chairman a suspect in corruption case', 22 Feb 2013
- The Jakarta Post:
'KPK in difficult position over Anas, following leak', 13 Feb. 2013
'Indonesian billionaire's wife to appeal graft conviction as public sours on President', 08 Feb. 2013
Publication date: May 2012
Data verified by Global Advice Network