Business Corruption in Italy
Corruption is a major problem in Italy, as shown by recent corruption cases. The integrity of public officials is marred by their relationships with organised crime and businesses (EU ACR 2014). Public procurement, particularly infrastructure, presents a very high risk of corruption as it involves large resources and exposes companies to organised crime. Extortion, active and passive bribery, bribing a foreign public official, fraud and money laundering are criminalised under the Criminal Code of the Italian Republic. The anti-corruption Law (Law 190/2012) broadens the scope and punishment of corruption offences. Italy is a signatory to the OECD Convention and has rejected the exception for facilitation payments, meaning that facilitation payments are prohibited.
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