Business Corruption in Macedonia
Corruption and inefficient bureaucracy are among the challenges companies may face when doing business in Macedonia. Many cumbersome regulatory procedures have been eliminated over the past decade, but bureaucratic red tape remains a problem throughout the public administration. Private businesses frequently complain about burdensome administrative processes which create operational delays and opportunities for corruption. Public procurement, the customs administration and the building and construction sector are areas where corruption and bribery are most prevalent. The primary legal framework regulating corruption and bribery in Macedonia is contained in the Law on Prevention of Corruption and the Criminal Code, which make individuals and companies criminally liable for corrupt practices. Facilitation payments are prohibited, and gifts may be considered illegal depending on their value or intent. The necessary legal framework is generally in place for fighting corruption and organised crime, and progress has been made in law enforcement and corruption-prevention initiatives. However, insufficient implementation of legislation, ineffective law enforcement and a lack of political will continue to impede the fight against corruption.
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