Irish Judicial System

Business Corruption

Businesses generally express trust in the Irish judiciary, and sources such as the US Department of State 2013, the Heritage Foundation 2013, the World Economic Forum’s Global Competitiveness Report 2013-2014, and Global Integrity 2011 all highlight the strong political independence of the judiciary in commercial matters. In general, the legal system is described as stable, non-discriminatory and efficient in securing contracts and protecting property rights. In addition, no sources used in this study indicate that corruption within the court system represents obstacles for investors.

Political Corruption

The National Integrity System 2012 by Transparency International Ireland highlights some shortcomings of the Irish judiciary, including a lack of formal mechanisms for disciplining judges, and recent surveys have shown that the appointments of judges have often been based on political affiliations. To counter these problems, the Irish Department of Justice is reviewing the appointment process with the intention to make processes more transparent and appointments merit-based. An interim Judicial Council has also been established to draft a code of conduct with guidelines and ethical principles for members of the judiciary. 

Frequency

World Economic Forum: The Global Competitiveness Report 2013-2014:
- Business executives give the judiciary's level of independence from influences of members of government, citizens, or companies a score of 6.4 on a 7-point scale (1 being 'heavily influenced' and 7 'entirely independent').

- Business executives give the efficiency of the legal framework for private businesses in challenging the legality of government actions and/or regulations a score of 4.6 on a 7-point scale (1 being 'extremely inefficient' and 7 'highly efficient').

Irish Police

Individual Corruption

According to the Eurobarometer survey 2012, Irish respondents express the second highest trust in the police among the European respondents. 

Political Corruption

The Irish police (An Garda Síochána) were subject to a number of investigations and reports into police misconduct, including the Morris Tribunal of Inquiry (2002-2008). Although no convictions resulted, the Tribunal found senior-level mismanagement and middle-level corruption. The Tribunal’s recommendation’s influenced the government’s decision to introduce the Garda Síochána Act 2005, which established the An Garda Síochána Ombudsman Commission and the Garda Síochána Inspectorate to improve internal investigations and independently handle complaints against and by the police. 

Frequency

World Economic Forum: The Global Competitiveness Report 2013-2014:
- Business executives give the reliability of Irish police services to enforce law and order a score of 6.1 on a 7-point scale (1 being 'cannot be relied upon at all' and 7 'can always be relied upon').

Eurobarometer 2012:
- 61% of the Irish respondents mention the police as the most trusted public body.

Irish Public Services

Individual Corruption

According to the Eurobarometer 2012, many Irish respondents perceive that bribery and abuse of power for personal gain were widespread among officials dealing with business permits and inspections, which may be linked to the many publicised allegations of corruption between politicians and influential businesspeople and findings of the Moriarty and Mahon Tribunal reports. 

Business Corruption

While business executives surveyed in the Global Competitiveness Report 2013-2014 report that it can be relatively burdensome to deal government administrative requirements (permits, licenses, reporting, etc.), the World Bank & IFC’s Doing Business 2013 ranks Ireland among the easiest countries to conduct business. 

Political Corruption

The circumstances surrounding the awarding of the biggest national mobile phone licence ever awarded in Ireland was the centre of attention in the Moriarty Tribunal’s second and final report published in 2011. In 1995, businessman Denis O’Brien’s Esat Digifone consortium won the national phone licence which subsequently made him Ireland’s richest man. However, the Tribunal found that O’Brien had made secret payments to former minister of transport, energy and communication, Michael Lowry, as well as political donations to the Fine Gael Party before and after the awarding of the licence. 

Frequency

World Economic Forum: The Global Competitiveness Report 2013-2014:
- Business executives give the burden of complying with government administrative requirements (permits, regulations, reporting, etc.) a score of 3.9 on a 7-point scale (1 being 'extremely burdensome' and 7 'not burdensome at all').

Eurobarometer 2012:
- 39% of the Irish respondents believed that giving or accepting bribes and abuse of power for personal gain were widespread among public officials issuing business permits.

- 25% of the Irish respondents believed that giving or accepting bribes and abuse of power for personal gain were widespread among inspectors (health, food quality, construction, sanitary control and licensing).

- 15% of the Irish respondents believed that giving or accepting bribes and abuse of power for personal gain were widespread among people working in the public health sector.

Irish Land Administration

Individual Corruption

Almost half of the Irish respondents in the Eurobarometer 2012 consider bribery and abuse of power for personal gain as widespread among public officials issuing building permits.

Political Corruption

Mismanagement and allegations of bribery and corrupt payments by land developers to politicians has been heavily discussed in Ireland after the final report of the Mahon Tribunal of Inquiry was released in March 2012. The final report concluded that a number of councillors, including former Prime Minister Patrick “Bertie” Ahern, while then serving as finance minister, had received corrupt payments from developers in the 1990s. After three consecutive terms, Patrick Ahern stepped down as prime minister due to corruption investigations, according to Freedom House 2013. A March 2012 article by The BBC reports that the Mahon Tribunal provided no direct findings of corruption against the former Prime Minister, but it confirmed that he had “failed to truthfully account for a number of financial transactions”. One of the Tribunal’s key witnesses, former Government Press Secretary Frank Dunlop, was sentenced to two years in prison for corruption in 2009. Dunlop had acted as a middleman between land developers and politicians, paying bribes on the developers’ behalf. In June 2012, a former councillor of Dungarvan, Fred Forsey Jr., was sentenced to six years in prison for accepting IEP 80,000 in bribes from land developers, according to a June 2012 article in The Journal.

Frequency

World Economic Forum: The Global Competitiveness Report 2013-2014:
- Business executives give the protection of property rights in Ireland a score of 5.7 on a 7 point scale (1 'very weak' and 7 'very strong').

Eurobarometer 2012:
- 50% of the Irish respondents believed that giving or accepting bribes and abuse of power for personal gain were widespread among public officials issuing building permits.

Irish Tax Administration

Business Corruption

Companies should note that Section 83a of the Taxes Consolidation Act 1997 prohibits the tax deductibility of bribes and other expenditures from acts which constitute a criminal offence both in Ireland and abroad.

Irish Customs Administration

Business Corruption

Business executives surveyed in the World Economic Forum’s Global Enabling Trade Report 2012 rate the transparency of border administration (pervasiveness of undocumented extra payments or bribes connected with imports and exports) moderately high. 

Frequency

World Economic Forum: The Global Enabling Trade Report 2012:
- Business executives give the transparency of border administration (pervasiveness of undocumented extra payments or bribes connected with imports and exports) a score of 5.9 on a 7-point scale (1 'non-transparent' and 7 'transparent').

Irish Public Procurement

Business Corruption

According to Ernst & Young’s Europe, Middle East, India and Africa Fraud Survey 2013, 17% of the business respondents believe it is common practice in Ireland to bribe to win contracts in their sector. While National Integrity System 2012 reports that Ireland’s corporate world is small and dominated by a limited number of inter-connected businesspeople who may have easier access to public contracts due to close personal relations.

Political Corruption

When Transparency International Ireland carried out its National Integrity System Study in 2009, it found considerable weaknesses and exposure to abuse in the Irish public contracting system. However, in the updated National Integrity System released in October 2012, several positive developments were observed. One of those was the establishment of the National Procurement Service (NPS) in 2009, which has brought some centralised oversight of procurement practices in the public sector.

Frequency

World Economic Forum: The Global Competitiveness Report 2013-2014:
- Business executives give the diversion of public funds to companies, individuals, or groups due to corruption a score of 5.6 on a 7-point scale (1 being 'very common' and 7 'never occurs').

- Business executives give government officials' favouritism towards well-connected companies and individuals when deciding upon policies and contracts a score of 4.1 (1 being 'always show favouritism' and 7 being 'never show favouritism').

Eurobarometer 2012:
- 47% of the Irish respondents believed that giving or accepting bribes and abuse of power for personal gain were widespread among public officials awarding public tenders.

Irish Public Anti-Corruption Initiatives

  • Legislation: Irish corruption laws are a combination of common law and statutory law and international agreements. These include the Public Bodies Corrupt Practices Act 1889, the Prevention of Corruption Act 1906 (1916, 2001 and 2010 amendments) the Ethics Act 2001 and supplementing pieces of legislation, including the Electoral Acts, the Proceeds of Crime Acts and the Criminal Justice Acts. The 2001 and 2010 amendments to the Prevention of Corruption Act have significantly strengthened Ireland’s anti-corruption framework and brought it closer to full the implementation obligations of international anti-corruption conventions. These include the OECD Convention on Combating Bribery of Foreign Public Officials in International Business Transactions, the United Nations Convention Against Corruption (UNCAC) and the Council of Europe’s Criminal Law Convention against Corruption. The Prevention of Corruption Acts criminalises three main offences: active bribery, passive bribery and false statements. With the 2001 and 2010 amendments to the Act, criminal liability now includes public and private sector offenders, bribery of foreign officials and the definition of “agent” was expended to include domestic and foreign nationals employed by or acting on behalf of private and public entities. The 2010 amendment further defines “corruptly” to clarify active and passive bribery, expands the types of prohibited bribes introduces general whistleblower protections. Foreign bribery can be prosecuted in Ireland carried out by Irish persons, legal and natural, ordinarily residing or registered under the Irish Companies Act. Legal persons who do not fall under the category of “Irish person” can be prosecuted for bribery that partially takes place in Ireland. There is no distinction made between facilitation payments and other types of corrupt payments, meaning that facilitation payments are illegal if they fulfil the elements of the relevant offences. The legality gifts and hospitality is not determined by t value, but whether they are provided corruptly, according to the Prevention of Corruption Acts and the Criminal Justice (Theft and Fraud Offences) Act 2001.  The Ethics Act, however, places obligations on Irish public office-holders and other senior members of the Irish public service, to report and surrender gifts and payments above IEP 650. The Code of Conduct for Office Holders expands the responsibility of office holders to decline gifts and hospitality where it might appear to place him or her under an obligation. A more extensive explanation of the rules regarding conflict of interest, gifts and hospitality in the public sector is outlined in Section 15, 16 and 17, respectively, of the Civil Service Code of Standards and Behaviour. For more information, see this guide to anti-corruption regulation in Ireland.

    In June 2012, a new draft scheme of the Criminal Justice (Corruption) Bill 2012 was published and will replace the principal pieces of anti-corruption legislation described above with one consolidated piece of legislation. It introduces new provisions that will have direct consequences for companies, including criminal liability for the corrupt acts of its employees, agents, directors and managers who “wilfully neglect” the commission of an offence. In line with the “adequate procedure” requirement in the UK Bribery Act 2010, the law will require companies to “take all responsible steps” and “exercise all due diligence” to avoid legal liability. The law will also outlaw trading in influence, the disclosure of confidential information by a public official for private gain and the overall sanctioning regime will be tightened. A Protected Disclosures in the Public Interest Bill on enhanced general whistleblower protection is also currently awaiting enactment, which will repeal the heading on whistleblower protection in the Criminal Justice (Corruption) Bill.

    Other relevant legislation in Ireland includes the Criminal Justice (Money Laundering and Terrorist Financing) Act 2010, which introduces broader money laundering offences; it extends anti-money laundering regulatory systems and implements the Third EU Money Laundering Directive 2005 into national law. The Act also makes it an offence for a person to fail to disclose any obtained information concerning money laundering offences the police (An Garda Síochána). A money laundering amendment was published in 2012 to enhance Ireland’s compliance with the standards set by the Financial Action Task Force (FATF). Also, the Criminal Justice Act 2011 was enacted to help law enforcement agencies investigate cases of financial crimes in the wake of the 2008 banking crisis. It introduced new procedures to facilitate police access to information and documentation for the investigation of white collar crime and makes it an offence for not assisting the police and providing relevant documentation to aid the investigation processes. The Competition Act of 2002 regulates offences relating to cartels and price fixing, and its 2012 Amendment increases the maximum jail sentence from five to ten years and fines from IEP four million to IEP five million. Convicted individuals may also be liable for the cost of investigation, detection and prosecution. The Electoral (Amendment) (Political Funding) Act 2012 bans corporate donations of more than IEP 200, unless the donor is registered with the oversight agency, the Standards in Public Office Commission (SIPO), and shows the recipient that the donating body has approved the donation.
  • Government Strategies: There is no uniform and cross-agency anti-corruption strategy. The government website Tackling Bribery and Corruption has been one approach to raising corruption awareness. The website includes links to a few publications and the anti-corruption conventions signed by Ireland, but it does not seem to have been given much attention in the years since its creation. It does, however, include information about how to make a complaint, both as a citizen and as a police officer. At the local administrative level, the National Integrity System 2012 reports that local authorities are expected to develop and publish Fraud and Corruption Alert and Contingency Plans. It is reported that an internal audit in 2010 found 23 of 34 local authorities had plans in place; however, Transparency International Ireland released a survey in July 2012 which found that only two of 34 local authorities had plans available on their websites. In May 2013, the Minister for Public Expenditure and Reform announced that Ireland intents to join the Open Government Partnership, and it is currently developing its commitments to the programme.

  • Anti-Corruption Agency: There is no single anti-corruption agency in Ireland. Instead a number of agencies are involved in preventing, investigating and prosecuting corruption offences. The most important agencies of this kind are described below.

  • Director of Public Prosecutions (DPP): The DPP was established as an independent institution with the Prosecution of Offences Act in 1974, and is responsible for the prosecution of all serious indictable criminal offences in Ireland. Criminal offences in Ireland are investigated by the police (An Garda Síochána), who then forward cases to the DPP for prosecution. According to the National Integrity System 2009, the DPP established a five-person anti-corruption unit in 2003, with the aim of designing anti-corruption strategy in collaboration with the police.

  • Garda Bureau of Fraud Investigation (GBFI): The GBFI is a special department within the police (An Garda Síochána) which investigates serious and complex cases of commercial, financial and cybercrimes, including breaches of the Companies Acts and the Competition Act.

  • Criminal Assets Bureau (CAB): CAB was established as a statutory body with staff drawn from the police (An Garda Síochána), the tax and customs commissioners and the Department of Social and Family Affairs. The main role of the CAB is to confiscate, freeze or seize criminal assets in accordance with the Proceeds of Crime Act 1996, the Criminal Justice (Theft and Fraud Offences) Act 2001 and the proceeds of Crime (Amendment) Act 2005. Its work also includes ensuring that criminal proceeds are subjected to tax and investigation and determining the eligibility of claims for social welfare benefits or assistance by criminals. CAB uses a multi-agency approach in its investigations into the suspected proceeds of criminal conduct in Ireland, and it also works with international bodies such as the European Commission and Camden Assets Recovery Inter-agency Network (CARIN).

  • Tribunals of Inquiry: Tribunals, which are currently regulated by the Tribunals of Inquiry Bill 2005, are established on recommendation of the government by the houses of Parliament and are often headed by a serving or retired member of the judiciary. They are independent from the executive branch, investigate cases and finally present their findings to Parliament. Their findings may result in recommendations for legal actions against offenders and recommendations for improvement of the legislative framework to safeguard against political corruption. The most recently completed tribunals are the Moriarty Tribunal (1997-2011) and the Mahon Tribunal (1997-2012), which both investigated illegal payments to politicians in relation to a state licence and planning and rezoning of land, respectively. See the Mahon Tribunal’s recommendations to the government here.

  • Standards in Public Office Commission (SIPO): SIPO is responsible for supervising the provisions of the Ethics, Electoral and Oireachtas (Parliament) Acts, which regulates conflicts of interest at the national level, including the disclosure of political donations and limits on political campaign/election finances. The SIPO is an independent statutory body created under the Standards in Public Office Act 2001, and chaired by a serving or former High Court or Supreme Court Judge. SIPO is responsible for the publication of a variety of Guidelines for office holders and public servants on conflict of interest and disclosure rules and conduct, as well as for election and donation rules. It has also produced separate Codes of Conduct specifically for government officials and civil servants. Further, it hosts a complaint mechanism where breaches can be reported. SIPO can only initiate investigations of breaches of the Ethics and Electoral Acts based on complaints and, according to the National Integrity System Assessment 2012, it has only concluded 11 investigations under the Ethics Act between 1995 and 2012. The Mahon Tribunal report published in March 2012 recommended that SPIO should be given increased resources and additional powers of investigation within its domain at both central and local levels of government, and that it should be given a supervisory role over the Select Committee of Parliament.

  • Office of the Comptroller and Auditor General (C&AG): The C&AG is Ireland’s supreme auditing body, which reports to Parliament. It is constitutionally independent and is tasked with auditing the finances of all public and governmental entities, including the National Asset Management Agency (NAMA). The C&AG does not regularly audit all public bodies, but instead it engages in selective monitoring. According to the findings of the National Integrity System Assessment 2012, this system often fails to prevent financial irregularities, only detecting shortcomings after they have taken place. The Auditor General is required to disclose his travel and hospitality expenses on a quarterly basis, which are made public on the C&AG website.

  • Office of the Ombudsman: The Ombudsman is an independent institution which receives and investigates complaints from citizens about public bodies’ wrongdoings, mistreatment of cases and other abuses. The Ombudsman Act took effect in March 2013, and brought over 180 additional public bodies under its remit. The Ombudsman also holds the positions as Information Commissioner and Commissioner of Environmental Information, which have been established to safeguard access to various types of information of public interest. According to the National Integrity System Assessment 2012, journalist’s requests for information via the Ombudsman have led to the exposure of various abuses and financial mismanagement by public agencies in recent years, but there are still major public entities outside the scope of the Freedom of Information (FOI) Law. A goal of the Ombudsman/Information Commissioner is to extend the scope of the FOI Law, which was significantly weakened by an amendment in 2003. Improvements in a draft Freedom of Information Bill put forward in 2012 include a reduction of the period that public documents can be held secret from ten to five years and a removal or reduction of the required fees for non-personal requests for reviews and appeals, which may pose a barrier for ordinary citizens to request non-information. The Ombudsman has extensive powers in law and can demand any information from a public body which is subject to a complaint and can require any relevant person to give information about a complaint. The Ombudsman can investigate administrative actions and procedures, but its decisions are not legally binding, and it cannot investigate cases where a court action has already been taken. Ministers can also order an investigation to be stopped, but this has never happened. Information about how to make a complaint can be found on the Ombudsman website and on the website of the Citizen Information Board.

  • Public Procurement: Irish public procurement laws adhere to EU public procurement directives: 2004/17/EC (Utility Directive), 2004/18/EC (Public Sector Directive) and the 2009/81/EC (Defence Procurement Regulations). Procurement contract values below the EU directive thresholds are governed by the Department of Finance Public Procurement Guidelines 2010 (Green Book) and other non-legislative guidelines. Although non-binding, the Code of Practice for the Governance of State Bodies 2009 places responsibility on the boards of state bodies to ensure EU and national procurement procedures are followed. The Public Procurement Guidelines state that a competitive process must be carried out for all public contracts, unless exceptional circumstances apply, and sets out indicative values for purchases below the EU thresholds. The National Integrity System released in October 2012 observes several positive developments, including the establishment of the National Procurement Service (NPS) in 2009, which has brought some centralised oversight of procurement practices in the public sector. The NPS offers useful procurement procedures information, guidelines and legislation. It has also developed the eTenders procurement website, where buyers and suppliers can find and publish tender notices on public sector procurements across Ireland and access all relevant legislation and guidelines. Contracts of an estimated value of IEP 25,000 and upwards must be published on this website. In line with the EU directives, Irish authorities are obliged to exclude companies or individuals who have been convicted of a criminal offences related to corruption, fraud or money laundering. For more practical information regarding requirements and legislation, see this guide to public procurement in Ireland.

  • E-governance: The eGovernment Strategy 2012 – 2015  aims to ensure easy access to services for citizens and businesses, and to improve data sharing across public service organisations. According to a March 2013 article by Siliconrepublic, the Strategy also aims to introduce electronic passport and driving license renewal, national roll out of Fixyourstreet.ie, and online delivery of welfare benefit and land registry services 2015. Further, 90% of tax revenues are now collected by the Irish Tax and Customs Department’s Revenue On-Line Service (ROS), according to the same article.

  • Whistleblowing: According to the National Integrity System 2012, whistleblower protections are included in numerous individual laws covering different sectors, but there is currently no single law providing for comprehensive protection for those who report crimes in both public and private sectors. The Prevention of Corruption Acts, the Criminal Justice (Theft and Fraud Offences) Act 2001 and the Criminal Justice Act 2011 all contain various forms of protection for whistleblowers. The government published the Protected Disclosures in the Public Interests Bill in February 2012, which would provide protection in public and private sectors. This Bill is scheduled for enactment in the autumn of 2013, according to a July 2013 article in The Irish Times. In order to qualify for protection, different thresholds regarding evidence must be met, depending on which disclosure channels are used. Anonymity of whistleblowers under the proposed legislation is uncertain, as it only states that the person to whom a breech is reported must “make their best endeavours” to keep the informant’s identity confidential, and it is debated whether this may discourage some from reporting.

Irish Private Anti-Corruption Initiatives

  • Media: Freedom of the press is guaranteed by the Constitution, and Freedom House’s Freedom of the Press 2012 reports that this freedom is respected. With a few exceptions, journalists report freely without harassment and without having to exercise self-censorship. Freedom House 2013 reports that Ireland’s media is free and independent and internet access is unrestricted. However, the media is restricted by strong libel laws, and the media has typically not been the main source through which corruption scandals have been uncovered. The Defamation Act 2009 loosens some of Ireland’s libel restrictions and grants new defences for the media to report freely as long as it is a “fair and reasonable publication on a matter of public interest”. The Defamation Act also allows a newspaper to publish an apology without this being regarded as an admission of liability, according to the National Integrity System 2012. The Press Council of Ireland and the Office of the Press Ombudsman were created in 2008 to safeguard and promote professional and ethical standards of newspapers and periodicals. The Press Council oversees the principles of a voluntary Code of Practice for newspapers and magazines, and the Ombudsman investigates public complaints about breaches of the Code. The Broadcasting Authority of Ireland is mandated to oversee the public service broadcasters, allocate public funding and promote accountability. Ireland ranks 15 of 179 countries on Reporters without Borders’ Freedom of the Press Index 2013, and Freedom House’s Freedom of the Press 2013 ranks Ireland 13 of 197, describing the press environment as “free”.

  • Civil Society: Few Irish civil society organisations (CSOs) work with corruption and transparency measures. According to and Freedom House 2013, freedom of association is upheld, and CSOs can operate freely. A Charities Regulatory Authority (Charities Act 2009) was supposed to have been established to oversee a public register of charities and investigate and prosecute those accused of misconduct or mismanagement. Due to the costs, the establishment has been delayed, but according to several articles, the Minister for Justice and Equality announced in early 2013 that it would be operational in 2014. Irish charities released a voluntary Code of Governance in June 2012, which includes principles of transparency, accountability and integrity.

  • Transparency International Ireland: TI Ireland is the Irish chapter of Transparency International, and it works to promote integrity and combat corruption in Irish politics and society. TI Ireland is independent and publishes Irish National Integrity System Studies from 2009 and 2012, and it created a helpline (Speak Up) in 2011, through which it offers free information and support to whistleblowers and anyone facing an ethical dilemma at work.

  • Whistleblowers Ireland: An independent whistleblowing site that operates as a free and confidential service for people in Ireland who want to report wrongdoing in NGOs (including charities), national organisations funded by taxpayers, government departments, state and quasi-state entities, as well as large private national companies, like banks. The organisation is independent and entirely self-funded and run by journalists. 

Irish Resources

The websites listed below provide useful facts about Ireland as well as contacts and tools for companies operating in the country:

Sources for further reading:

 

Conventions and Indices:

OECD Anti-Bribery Convention Status:

Deposit of Instrument of Ratification: 22 September 2003. Entry into Force: 21 November 2003. Entry into Force of Implementing Legislation: 26 November 2001.

This field describes the country's status on the OECD Convention on Bribery of Foreign Officials in International Business Transactions. Please note any declarations and reservations made upon ratification. View the list of signatories to the OECD Convention. Read more about the OECD Convention.

UNCAC Status:

Accessed 9 December 2003. Ratified 9 November 2011.

Status on UNCAC Implementation
This field describes the country's status on the United Nations Convention against Corruption. Please note any declarations and reservations made upon ratification. The list of signatories can be found on the UNODC website. Read more about the UNCAC.

Other Relevant Conventions or Treaties:

Transparency CPI: 2013: 21/177 (Score: 72)

Transparency CPI
This field consists of the score for the country in question on the Corruption Perceptions Index from Transparency International as well as its ranking.

World Bank CORR Index (-2.5 - +2.5): 2012: 1.4

World Bank Corruption Index
This field consists of the score for the country in question on the 'Control of Corruption' indicator in the Worldwide Governance Indicators (WGI): 1996-2012.

 

Data Verification:

Publication date: December 2013
Data verified by: GAN Integrity Solutions

Irish Information Network

 

Relevant Organisations

 

Transparency International Ireland

The Capel Building,
Dublin 7

Tel: +353 1 871 9432
E-mail: communications@transparency.ie

Transparency International local chapter.

Whistleblowers Ireland

Questions can be directed to:

Tel: 087 919 9113 (7am-11pm)
E-mail: contact(at)irishwhistleblower.com

NGO

 

Partner Embassies

 

Embassy of Norway

34 Molesworth Street
Dublin 2, Ireland

Tel: +353 - 1 - 662 1800
Fax: +353 - 1 - 662 1890
Email: emb.dublin@mfa.no

Embassy.

Embassy of Denmark

7th floor, Block E
Iveagh Court, Harcourt Rd.,
Dublin 2

Tel: + 353 (01) 475 6404
Fax: +353 (01) 478 4536
E-mail: dubamb@um.dk

Embassy.

Honurary Consulate of Sweden

12 Fitzwilliam Place
Dublin 2

Tel: +353 (0)1-265 08 88
Fax: +353 (0)1-678 91 92
E-mail:

Consulate.

British Embassy

29 Merrion Road
Ballsbridge

Dublin 4


Tel: +353 (1) 205 3700
Fax: +351 (1) 205 3885

Embassy.

Embassy of Germany

31 Trimleston Avenue
Booterstown
Co. Dublin

Tel: 01-269 3011
Fax: 01-269 3800
E-mail: see website

Embassy.

Embassy of Austria

93, Ailesbury Road
15, Ailesbury Court
Dublin 4

Tel: 00353 (0) 1/ 269 45 77
E-mail: dublin-ob(at)bmeia.gv.at

Embassy.

Irish Profile Sources

General Information Sources

 

Corruption Levels

Judicial System

Police

Licences, infrastructure and Public Utilities

  • The World Bank & IFC: Doing Business 2014.
  • The World Economic Forum: Global Competitiveness Report 2013-2014.
  • The Independent: ‘Garda launch fraud probe at passport office’, 24 Jul. 2013.
  • Transparency International: National Integrity Systems – Country Study Addendum, Oct. 2012.
  • Eurobarometer: Special Eurobarometer 374 – Corruption Report, 2012.
  • The Independent: ‘People’s verdict: Moriarty got it right’, 27 Mar. 2011.
  • The Independent: ‘Moriarty Report: Key findings’, 27 Mar. 2011.
  • Transparency International: Global Corruption Barometer 2010/11.

Land Administration

  • The World Economic Forum: Global Competitiveness Report 2013-2014.
  • Irish Examiner: ‘Mahon report exposes murky trail of planning corruption’, 01 Aug. 2013.
  • Freedom House: Freedom in the World – Ireland Country Profile 2013.
  • Transparency International: National Integrity Systems – Country Study Addendum, Oct. 2012.
  • Eurobarometer: Special Eurobarometer 374 – Corruption Report, 2012.
  • The Journal: ‘Fred Forsey Jnr gets 6-year sentence for corruption’, 27 Jun. 2012.
  • BBC: ‘Mahon Tribunal: Bertie Ahern says he ‘told truth’’, 22 Mar. 2012.
  • Transparency International: Global Corruption Barometer 2010/11.
  • RTE News: ‘Dunlop sentenced to two years for corruption’, 26  May 2009.

Customs Administration

Public Procurement and Contracting

Public Anti-Corruption Initiatives

  • The Irish Times: ‘Publication of whistleblower bill welcomed’, 03 Jul. 2013.
  • Mondaq: ‘Ireland: A guide to anti-corruption regulation in Ireland 2013’, 20 Mar. 2013.
  • Siliconrepublic: ‘E-government returns to vogue to banish austerity blues’, 19 Mar. 2013.
  • Mondaq: ‘Ireland: A guide to public procurement in Ireland 2013’, 14 Jan. 2013.
  • Transparency International: National Integrity Systems – Country Study Addendum, Oct. 2012.
  • Mason Hayes & Curran: ‘New proposed Irish anti-corruption legislation published’, 20 Jun. 2012.
  • The Journal: ‘How to prevent corruption in the future: Mahon’s recommendations’, 22 Mar. 2012.
  • BBC: ‘Mahon Tribunal could cost 250m euros’, 15 Mar. 2012.
  • The Epoch Times: ‘Transparency Campaigners welcome whistleblower legislation’, 08 Mar. 2012.
  • Global Integrity: Ireland Country Report 2011.
  • Office of the Director of Public Prosecutions: The Role of the DPP, Jul. 2009.
  • Transparency International: National Integrity Systems – Country Study 2009.

Private Anti-Corruption Initiatives