Cameroonian Judicial System

Individual Corruption

Confidence in the judiciary is very low. According to Transparency International's Global Corruption Barometer 2013, a large number of Cameroonians perceive the judiciary to be highly corrupt. Magistrates are known to favour their own religious, ethnic and political affiliations, as well as their own economic interests, when pronouncing verdicts. Similarly, the US Department of State 2013 reports that the bribery of judicial authorities remains a problem. The report notes that judicial authorities accept bribes from relatives of detainees for a reduced sentence or for outright release.

Business Corruption

It is difficult to enforce commercial contracts in Cameroon. The number of procedures and time required to enforce contracts is very high in comparison with other countries in the region, as illustrated in the World Bank & IFC's Doing Business 2014; foreign companies are very often frustrated with how slow the legal system deals with their complaints and claim that courts are swayed by bribes and political heavyweights and thus consider verdicts against them as fraudulent. According to the report, judicial decisions are enforced slowly and are fraught with legal and administrative obstructions.

Political Corruption

An independent judiciary is guaranteed by Cameroon's constitution; however, the US Department of State 2013 reports that the judiciary is subject to influence by the executive and that it is permeated by corruption and inefficiency. According to the Bertelsmann Foundation 2014, the judiciary lacks independence and adequate resources and is considered to be in urgent need of reform. The judiciary is subordinate to the Ministry of Justice and the Supreme Court may only review the constitutionality of law at the president's request. The president appoints all judges together with the Supreme Council of Magistrature. Politically sensitive cases rarely reach the courts; when they do, they often are settled through bribes; powerful business persons and political persons are virtually immune from prosecution. However, on a more positive note, President Biya signed a decree during 2012 dismissing a fourth grade magistrate serving at the Audit Bench of the Supreme Court for corruption, as reported by the US Department of State 2012.

Frequency

The World Bank & IFC: Doing Business 2014:
- Enforcing contracts requires 42 procedures, takes an average of 800 days and costs 46.6% of the claim.

World Economic Forum: The Global Competitiveness Report 2013-2014:
- Business executives give the judiciary's level of independence from government, citizens or business influences a score of 2.3 on a 7-point scale (1 being 'heavily influenced' and 7 'entirely independent').

- Business executives give the efficiency of the legal framework for private companies to settle disputes and to challenge the legality of government actions and/or regulations a score of 3.3 and 3.0, respectively, on a 7-point scale (1 being 'extremely inefficient' and 7 'highly efficient').

Transparency International: Global Corruption Barometer 2013:
- Citizens give the judiciary a score of 4 on a 5-point scale (1 being 'not at all corrupt' and 5 'extremely corrupt').

Cameroonian Police

Individual Corruption

The Cameroonian police are perceived to be the most corrupt public institution in the country. The US Department of State 2013 lists a few examples of how corruption takes place between the police and citizens; individuals reportedly pay bribes to the police to secure their freedom or to pass through police checkpoints. In addition, influential people reportedly bribe the police to arrest or harass individuals involved in their personal disputes. According to a 2012 report published by KPMG, police officials and gendarmes often profit from roadblocks to extort bribes from travellers.

Business Corruption

According to a 2012 report published by the United Nations Development Programme, bribery and the demand of facilitation payments to deliver services are frequently practiced by the Cameroonian police; far more than half of the companies surveyed in the report claim to have paid a bribe when dealing with police officials. Moreover, cronyism, nepotism, favouritism and tribalism are very common in the delivery of police services. Given this environment, companies surveyed in the World Economic Forum's Global Competitiveness Report 2013-2014 identify the reliability of Cameroonian police services to protect them from crime as not very reliable.

Frequency

World Economic Forum: The Global Competitiveness Report 2013-2014:
- Business executives give the reliability of the police services to enforce law and order a score of 4.6 on a 7-point scale (1 being 'cannot be relied upon at all' and 7 'can always be relied upon').

Transparency International: Global Corruption Barometer 2013:
- Citizens give the police a score of 4.5 on a 5-point scale (1 being 'not at all corrupt' and 5 'extremely corrupt'). This makes the police the most corrupt institution in the country.

Cameroonian Public Services

Individual Corruption

According to Global Integrity 2010, during an April 2010 press conference, Finance Minister Essimi Menye stated that 15,000 government officials had reportedly taken bribes. The government officials were made to pay back the illegally obtained money but did not face prosecution due to prisons in Cameroon being too congested to hold such a large number of offenders. A 2012 report published by the United Nations Development Programme further notes that most civil servants use their positions to extort money.

Business Corruption

A 2012 report published by the United Nations Development Programme states that companies generally pay more than the official fees to get public utilities and services. For instance, only 40% of companies paid the official cost of USD 118 for telephone lines, while 60% paid up to almost USD 600. This also applies to other public services such as electricity and water connections.

Political Corruption

In April 2012, Ephraim Inoni, the former prime minister of Cameroon, was arrested on suspicion of embezzlement, linked to the bank account of Camair, as reported in an April 2012 article by Mail & Guardian. An October 2013 Africa Review article reveals that Inoni was sentenced to 20 years in prison.

Frequency

The World Bank & IFC: Doing Business 2014:
- Starting a company requires the entrepreneur to go through 5 procedures, taking 15 days and costing 36.2% of income per capita.

- Dealing with a construction permit requires a company to go through 13 procedures and takes 139 days to obtain the required licences and permits, incurring an average cost of 1,020.5% of per capita income.

World Economic Forum: The Global Competitiveness Report 2013-2014:
- Business executives give government administrative requirements (permits, regulations, reporting) in Cameroon a score of 3.4 on a 7-point scale (1 being 'extremely burdensome' and 7 'not burdensome at all').

Cameroonian Land Administration

Individual Corruption

According to Transparency International's Global Corruption Barometer 2013, a little under one quarter of the surveyed Cameroonians point to the interaction with land authorities as an area where bribes are often demanded. 

A December 2012 article published by All Africa states that the National Anti-Corruption Commission's 2011 report reveals massive land corruption.

Business Corruption

There are no legal barriers to foreign ownership of land. However, companies should note that the costs of registering property in Cameroon are very high, also compared to the regional average (See Frequency level below). According to the Bertelsmann Foundation 2014, the process of acquiring property, especially the purchase of land titles, is problematic because of competing concepts between modern and traditional concepts of law. Property rights are formally defined but suffer from shortcomings in the rule of law - often due to corruption. Due to weak and unreliable judiciary and corruption, the confiscation of private property might occur. Foreign companies have claimed that some judgments made against them were based on fraudulent evidence.

According to the World Economic Forum's Global Competitiveness Report 2013-2014, business executives report that property rights are not adequately protected in practice.

Frequency

The World Bank & IFC: Doing Business 2014:
- It takes 5 procedures, 86 days and 19.1% of the property value to register and secure rights to property, compared to the regional average of 6 procedures, 58.9 days and 9%.

World Economic Forum: The Global Competitiveness Report 2013-2014:
- Business leaders give the protection of property rights in Cameroon, including financial assets, a score of 3.8 on a 7-point scale (1 being 'very weak' and 7 'very strong').

Cameroonian Tax Administration

Business Corruption

A significant majority of companies surveyed in a 2012 report by the United Nations Development Programme state that they always pay a bribe when dealing with tax payments. According to the US Department of State 2012, companies complain that tax audits and enforcement are predatory and prejudiced against the private sector.  Government efforts to force companies to compromise on tax assessments include blocking company bank accounts for temporary periods. In tax-related disputes, the US Department of State 2013 reports of a new law that allows decisions made by the Ministry of Finance to be challenged before the Administrative Court within 60 days. However, as stated in the Bertelsmann Foundation 2014, tax-related workload remains a significant problem for businesses in Cameroon. This is further supported by the World Bank & IFC’s Doing Business 2014, which states that tax-related procedures in Cameroon take longer and cost more than regional and OECD averages.

Frequency

The World Bank & IFC: Doing Business 2014:
- Companies must make 44 payments and spend 630 hours preparing, filing and paying taxes at a total tax rate of 48.8% of profits.

Transparency International: Global Corruption Barometer 2013:
- 46% of the respondents who had contact with tax revenue authorities in 2012-2013 report to have paid a bribe.

Cameroonian Customs Administration

Business Corruption

According to the World Economic Forum's Global Enabling Trade Report 2012, the surveyed business executives rate the transparency of the border administration in relation to irregular payments in export and imports as low. This is further reinforced in a 2012 report published by the United Nations Development Programme, which notes that almost half of the companies surveyed report that they always pay a bribe when dealing with customs. Companies should be aware that customs laws in Cameroon are not always enforced uniformly and without discrimination, as evaluated by Global Integrity 2010.

Political Corruption

According to a 2014 Working Paper by the World Bank, despite a number of recent reforms in Cameroon's customs administration, systemic problems concerning fraud and corruption persist.

Frequency

The World Bank & IFC: Doing Business 2014:
- A standard export shipment of goods requires 11 documents and takes 23 days at an average cost of USD 1,379 per container.

- A standard import shipment of goods requires 11 documents and takes 25 days at an average cost of USD 2,167 per container.

World Economic Forum: The Global Competitiveness Report 2013-2014:
- Business leaders give the efficiency of customs procedures (formalities regulating the entry and exit of merchandise) in Cameroon a score of 4.0 on a 7-point scale (1 being 'extremely inefficient' and 7 'extremely efficient').

World Economic Forum: The Global Enabling Trade Report 2012:
- Business executives give the pervasiveness of irregular payments in exports and imports (pervasiveness of undocumented extra payments or bribes connected with imports and exports) in Cameroon a score of 2.7 on a 7-point scale (1 being 'common' and 7 'never occurs').

Cameroonian Public Procurement

Business Corruption

Public procurement is singled out by the US Department of State 2013 as a sector with high corruption potential. Indeed, a large number of companies queried by the World Economic Forum's Global Competitiveness Report 2013-2014 stated that it is very common in Cameroon for public funds to be diverted to companies, individuals or groups due to corruption. In addition, business executives indicated that the decisions of government officials concerning contracts and policies frequently favour well-connected companies and individuals.

Companies are highly recommended to use a public procurement due diligence tool in order to avoid the costs and mitigate the risks of corruption involving procurement in Cameroon.

For more information, see Public Anti-Corruption Initiatives.

Political Corruption

According to Global Integrity 2010conflict of interest regulations are not consistently enforced and officials are able to award contracts to family members and associates. Moreover, the report also states that in practice the regulations are not being enforced; they exist more to reassure international agencies.

A December 2012 article by All Africa notes that the National Anti-Corruption Commission's 2011 report revealed corruption involving the Lom Pangar Hydro-electricity dam project. The article notes that senior government officials and companies involved in the tender had embezzled more than USD 4 million from the process of attributing contracts to the execution phase. A June 2012 article by Business in Cameroon reports that new government procurement rules have been implemented. Nevertheless, it is important to note that the Ministry of Public Contracts is not entirely independent from President Biya.  

For more information, see Public Anti-Corruption Initiatives.

Frequency

World Economic Forum: The Global Competitiveness Report 2013-2014:
- Business leaders give the diversion of public funds to companies, individuals, or groups due to corruption a score of 2.0 on a 7-point scale (1 being 'very common' and 7 'never occurs').

- Business leaders give the favouritism of government officials towards well-connected companies and individuals when deciding upon policies and contracts a score of 2.4 on a 7-point scale (1 being 'always show favouritism' and 7 'never show favouritism').

Cameroonian Natural Resources

Business Corruption

According to a March 2012 news article by AllAfrica, a director from a recently suspended company blamed corruption for the poor record of the forestry sector, stating that the procedure of obtaining a logging licence is fraught with bribery and discrimination.

Political Corruption

According to a 2013 report published by Global Witness, corrupt collaboration between senior officials, civil servants and logging companies is fuelling illegal logging in Cameroon. In 2011, a former minister of forests granted 'small permits' to large foreign logging companies. The permits were supposedly intended to encourage small businesses to preserve abandoned timber. These permits have gained the label of 'political permits' as they are very widespread and controlled by political elites with links to logging companies. The report notes that Cameroon's forests have long suffered from corrupt practices and efforts to curb this trend have been undermined by a lack of attention to these 'small permits'.

For further information, see this profile's special page on the oil and forestry sectors.

Cameroonian Public Anti-Corruption Initiatives

  •  Government Strategies: The CHOC-Cameroon programme (Change Habits, Oppose Corruption) was launched in February 2007. Initiated by the government and the '8+6 Group' and supported by international donors, the primary goal of the programme is intended to reduce corruption by creating a national governance programme, enforced by the National Anti-Corruption Commission (CONAC), anti-corruption cells within ministries and the Financial Investigation Agency (ANIF). According to an August 2011 article by AllAfrica, CHOC is at its second phase and will run for the next 5 years. The second phase will focus on effective implementation of the national anti-corruption strategy, work closely with other actors and restructure anti-corruption units in the ministries. According to government officials cited in the news article, the CHOC programme, among other areas, has been playing a key role in drafting an anti-corruption bill. The US Department of State 2012 notes that since the inception of the CHOC programme in 2007, legal, strategic and institutional instruments have been developed to effectively fight corruption. Furthermore, according to a January 2012 article by Trust Law, a special court has been set up to hear cases of corruption, embezzlement and misappropriation of funds which involve USD 96,600 or above. As of February 2014, the anti-corruption bill has yet to be drafted, according to a press release by the Prime Minister's Office.

  • Anti-Corruption Agency: The National Anti-Corruption Commission (CONAC) is the main anti-corruption agency in Cameroon. It has investigating capacities and has a mandate to gather and analyse allegations and information about corrupt practices. The findings of a CONAC inquiry can ultimately lead to disciplinary or legal proceedings. However, CONAC cannot freeze, seize or confiscate assets, nor does it have the power to refer cases to court or other disciplinary institutions. CONAC is under the authority of the president and the chairman, making the impartiality of the institution questionable. According to Global Integrity 2010, CONAC is not protected from political interference and does not have power to carry out its mandate in practice. It is further noted that the agency does not act on complaints within a reasonable time period and does not initiate investigations independently when necessary. In April 2011, CONAC adopted the Rapid Results Initiatives in order to put into practice the 2015 prospects of the government to build the Cameroonian economy on the principles of integrity and work ethics. The Rapid Results Initiatives (Initiatives a Résultats Rapides) method put the health and transport sectors, the mines and extractive industry and other institutions "under surveillance" for corrupt practices. These initiatives are aimed at changing the behaviour of public officials by sanctioning criminals and rewarding abiders, as well as eliminating conditions favouring corrupt practices. In December 2013, CONAC released a report on its most recent findings (in French).

  • National Agency for Financial Investigations (ANIF): ANIF aims to eradicate and prevent money laundering and terrorism financing in Central Africa; ANIF is a member of the Communauté Economique et Monétaire de l'Afrique Centrale (CEMAC). As such, ANIF is part of a network comprising similar institutions in the other member countries and has to report periodically to the regional supervisory authority - the Central African Banking Commission (COBAC).

  • Auditor-General: Cameroon has two supreme audit institutions. The Superior State Audit is a ministry under the Presidency of the Republic (Ministère chargé du contrôle supérieur de l'état au Cameroun) which is governed by the decree on the organisation by the government of 8 December 2004. It is mandated with the controlling and subsequent drafting of financial audits on the use of public funds by public bodies, regions, associations, and professional organisations. The observations and recommendations of the audits are submitted to the President and afterwards the audit report is published in the Official Gazette. Moreover, the Superior State Audit certifies public accounts and examines them according to current law and submits them to the Court of Auditors for a judgement within three months of the close of the fiscal year. The Court of Auditors of the Supreme Court is equivalent to a court of accounts and it reviews the accounts of certified public and other practising accountants. Moreover, the Court of Auditors carries out compliance audits. It has established a commission to examine accounts and documents. The findings and recommendations of the commission are forwarded in a confidential report to the President of the Republic and to the presidents of the Senate and the National Assembly.

  • Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (EITI): The government accepted the conditions of EITI in March 2005 and declared online its oil revenue from an international oil pipeline. The EITI supports improved governance in resource-rich countries through the verification and full publication of company payments and government revenues from oil, gas and mining. Visit the homepage of EITI Cameroon here (in French). 

  • E-Governance: The Presidency of the Republic in Cameroon has an official website with useful information on laws, decrees and information on corruption and governance. The website also provides links to other ministries as well as to foreign embassies and consulates in Cameroon. However, public initiatives that provide online services such as licensing and registration and limit encounters with public officials have not been established. The National Agency for Information and Communication Technology (ANTIC, in French) has developed a document for the installation and use of information technologies within government institutions. The aim of the document is to harmonise the practice within the different institution and modernise and ease of public administration. According to the UN's E-Government 2012 survey, Cameroon's e-government is ranked 147th out of 190 countries.

  • Public Procurement: The government began reforming the public procurement process in 2002. A new Public Contract Code regulating public tendering was passed in September 2004. The Code has provisions that ensure objectivity; among them are requirements that bidders are anonymous, limits on the use of mutual agreement and special market procedures and maintenance of accounting documents. The bidding can be competitive and open or qualified, although sole sourcing is strictly limited. In addition, the government has recently created tender boards in all ministries to ensure transparency in tenders worth more than XAF 5 million. In 2011, the government created a new ministry dedicated to government procurement, thus, taking over the responsibility of awarding contracts from the prime minister. The Ministry is entitled full power to monitor and control government contracts. Any company found guilty of corruption will be given a two-year suspension from public contracts. Unsuccessful bidders are legally entitled to instigate an official review of procurement decisions and to challenge them in court. However, when it comes to the enforcement of the regulation, many flaws are evident. According to a June 2012 article by Business in Cameroon, new government procurement rules have been implemented; however, the effectiveness of the new rules is not known.

  • Whistleblowing: According to Global Integrity 2010, neither civil servants nor private sector employees are legally or practically protected from recrimination or other negative consequences when they report cases of corruption. Nevertheless, the National Anti-Corruption Commission (CONAC) established a Rapid Intervention Unit which provides a telephone hotline (+237 2220 3732 and +237 2237 3730) for citizens to report cases of corruption.

Cameroonian Private Anti-Corruption Initiatives

  • Media: The constitution provides for freedoms of speech and press. However, the US Department of State 2012 reports that the government restricts these rights. There are reports of public funding being selectively awarded to the media outlets aligned with the government. The independent newspapers report on controversial matters such as corruption and economic policies, but the government has sometimes responded by using criminal libel laws to inhibit them and according to Freedom House 2013, journalists covering high-profile corruption cases have been intimidated, harassed, and/or had criminal penalties imposed on them, leading broadcast journalists in particular to practice self-censorship. According to Global Integrity 2010, Ngota Bibi, a journalist investigating corruption, died in prison. His case revolved around a corruption scandal that involved a higher official of the Presidency of the Republic. Freedom of information and opinion are restricted concerning the president's family, corruption within the inner political leadership circle, or the military. It should be noted, however, that the media is not free from corruption itself. According to an April 2013 article by Refworld, journalists accept bribes to write articles and cover events. Journalists also extort money from officials in return for "killing" a corruption story. In an attempt to clear journalists from corrupt practices and achieve better governance in the communication sector, the Cameroon Union of Journalists submitted in 2010 a comprehensive memorandum to the government which included the enforcement of the Law of Ethics training for journalists. However, the president of the CUJ, Chia, explains that the memorandum was ignored as it went against the government's efforts of "pocketing the press". Reporters Without Border's Worldwide Press Freedom Index 2014 ranks Cameroon 130th out of 179 countries, while Freedom House 2013 ranks 149th out of 197 countries and describes the country's press environment as 'not free'.

  • Civil Society: Civil society organisations consist primarily of church-based NGOs that are involved in the Poverty Reduction Strategy (PRS) process. According to the Bertelsmann Foundation 2014, NGOs can be formed relatively freely, but many have been created by members of the state elite as a means of profiting from external assistance programmes. According to Transparency International, civil society organisations are active in the fight against corruption. Global Integrity 2010 also reports that no NGO activists were physically harmed because of their anti-corruption work during 2009. However, it also reports that the government controls the most representatives of anti-corruption NGOs, including the local chapter of Transparency International. Moreover, according to Bertelsmann Foundation 2014, Cameroon's political leadership is largely indifferent to the role of civic engagement and frequently ignores civil society.

  • Transparency International Cameroon (TI Cameroon): As a local chapter of Transparency International, TI Cameroon works in coalitions with other civil society actors, companies and the government. TI Cameroon primarily focuses on awareness-raising, advocacy and the holding of seminars. TI Cameroon has drafted a bill on access to public information, but it has not been adopted.

  • Council of Business Managers and Professional Associations (GICAM, in French): The GICAM is Cameroon's foremost business association and has recently freed itself from government domination and today works to fight against corruption and fraud. The association brings together 140 companies and 15 professional organisations representing 70% of all formal business activity in the country. GICAM lobbies the government for the facilitation of business creation and operations and works to promote a competitive market and good governance as well as resolve judicial and financial problems facing companies in Cameroon (property rights and contract enforcement, etc.). GICAM operates an arbitration centre to handle commercial disputes.

  • African Parliamentarians Network Against Corruption (APNAC): APNAC is active in capacity-building, information campaigns, promotion of anti-corruption legislation, and establishing legal framework to promote free elections.

  • NoBakchich (No more bribes): The NoBakchich application can be installed on smartphones and submits the procedures and costs of services provided by the government and some private services. Experts explain in a July 2011 article by Trust Law, that the main reasons behind the pervasive corruption in Cameroon are excessive bureaucracy and the ignorance of procedures of the different services that provide opportunities for officials to demand bribes. The developer of the product, Herve Ndjia, further explains that the NoBakchich application permits the users to share their experiences of being asked for bribes with each other, thus creating a social media network of whistleblowers and making the burden of combating corruption in Cameroon lighter as victims can interact with each other. Critics point out however, that the small number of smartphone owners in Cameroon is one of the obstacles to the success of the application.

  • Publish What You Pay Cameroon (PWYP Cameroon): PWYP Cameroon is the local branch of PWYP, which is a global network of CSOs that calls for revenue transparency in the oil, gas and mining industries, and works to improve the lives of citizens in resource-rich countries.

Cameroonian Information Network

 


Relevant Organisations

 

Transparency International Cameroon (TI Cameroon)

P.O. Box 4562
Nouvelle route Bastos, Rue 1.839
Yaoundé

Tel: +237 2220 6022/3315 6378
E-mail: LOADEMAIL[transparency]DOMAIN[ti-cameroon.org  ]

NGO and local chapter of Transparency International. TI Cameroon works primarily with anti-corruption and awareness-raising.

Groupement Inter-Patronal du Cameroun (GICAM, in French)

P.O. Box 1134
Hippodrome
Yaoundé

Tel: +237 2223 1224/25
Fax: +237 2223 1226
E-mail: LOADEMAIL[gicam]DOMAIN[legicam.org]

P.O. Box 829
Bonanjo, Vallée de Ministres
Douala

Tel: +237 3342 3141/6499
Fax: +223 3342 3880
E-mail: LOADEMAIL[gicam]DOMAIN[legicam.org]

Business association.

African Parliamentarians Network Against Corruption Cameroon (APNAC)

National Assembly of Cameroon, Yaounde

Tel: +237 2221 966
Fax: +237 2221 96
E-mail: LOADEMAIL[rosemakia2005]DOMAIN[yahoo.com]

A network of African parliamentarians working to strengthen parliamentary capacity.

Cameroon Chamber of Commerce, Industry, Mines and Crafts (CCIMA)

P.O. Box 4011
Douala

Tel: +237 3342 9881/6787
Fax: +237 3342 5596

Chamber of Commerce, Industry, Mines and Crafts.

 

Publish What You Pay Cameroon (PWYP Cameroon)

Cyrille Tipane
Coalition EITI/PWYP Cameroun
P.O. Box 1003
Yaoundé

Tel: +237 2203 2341
E-mail: pwypcameroon(at)yahoo.fr 

A global network of CSOs that calls for revenue transparency in the oil, gas & mining industries and work to improve the lives of citizens in resource-rich countries.

     

Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (EITI)

Agnès Solange ONDIGUI OWONA
Ministry of Economy & Finance
National Coordinator EITI

Tel: +237 77 625489
E-mail: ondiguiagnessolange(at)yahoo.com

Monitors extractive industries. Joint public-private organisation.

     

 


Partner Embassies

 

Embassy of Denmark (Cameroon is covered by the Danish embassy in Benin).

Les Cocotiers
P.O. Box 1223
Cotonou
Benin

Tel: +229 2130 3862/63/64
Fax: +229 2130 3860
E-mail: LOADEMAIL[cooamb]DOMAIN[um.dk]

Embassy.

Consulate of Sweden

c/o SAGA
P.O. Box 280
Ave Charles de Gaulle
Yaoundé

Tel: +237 2221 3477/ 2250 5137/ 2221 2459
Fax: +237 2221 3722
E-mail: roland.tankouan(at)bollore.com

Erik Kellberg, Consul General
Immeuble Kassap, Bd de la Liberté
Akwa
PRO-ASSUR SA
P.O. Box 5963
Douala

Tel: +237 3343 7325/26
Fax: +237 3343 7635
E-mail: LOADEMAIL[ekellberg]DOMAIN[hotmail.com] / LOADEMAIL[erik.kellberg]DOMAIN[pro-assur.com]

Consulate.

Consulate of Norway

C/O Immeuble SAGA/Cameroun
5, Boulevard de la Liberté
B.P 4057 or 320
Douala

Tel: +237 3343 1625
Fax: +237 3342 2666 
E-mail: LOADEMAIL[suzanne.ntone]DOMAIN[bollore.com]

Consulate.

British High Commission

Avenue Winston Churchill
P.O. Box 547
Yaoundé

Tel: +237 2222 0545/0796
Fax: 237 2222 0148

High commission.

Embassy of Austria (Cameroon is covered by the Austrian Embassy in Nigeria)

Plot 9, Usuma Street, Maitama, Abuja
Tel: (+234) 706 418 32 26
E-Mail: abuja-ob(at)bmeia.gv.at

Embassy.

 

Cameroonian Profile Sources

Cameroonian General Information Sources

Corruption Levels Sources

Judicial System

Police

Licences, Infrastructure and Public Utilities

Land Administration

Tax Administration

Customs Administration

Public Procurement and Contracting

Environment, Natural Resources and Extractive Industry

Public Anti-Corruption Initiatives Sources

  • US Department of State: Investment Climate Statement - Cameroon 2013.
  • US Department of State: Human Rights Report - Cameroon 2013.
  • Refworld: 'Cameroon: Corruption of journalists, the falsification of newspaper articles for the purpose of refugee claims', 13 April 2012.
  • Camer Express: 'Cameroon’s Foreign Donors Pledge FCFA 100 Million For Anti-corruption Crusade', 2 April 2012.
  • AllAfrica: 'Cameroon: Donors Pledge More Support for Choc II', 21 February 2012.
  • Trust Law: 'Q&A: Cameroon corruption court will end delays in trials - official', 17 January 2012.
  • Radio Netherlands Worldwide: 'Anti-corruption law in Cameroon', 9 January 2012.
  • US Department of State: Human Rights Report - Cameroon 2011.
  • AllAfrica: 'Cameroon: «CHOC Project» At Centre of Anti-corruption Crusade', 5 August 2011.
  • Global Integrity: Cameroon Country Report 2010
  • The Postnewsline: 'Transparency International Scorns 'Operation Epervier'', 26 September 2008.

Private Anti-Corruption Initiatives Sources