Sudan Country Profile

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Police

Individual Corruption

Police corruption is reported to be a problem in Sudan, according to the Human Rights Report 2013. Police officers are poorly paid, and many extort bribes in order to supplement their income. According to the report, when citizens have attempted to complain about police abuse, they have often faced retaliation, and police officers are usually not held accountable for their misconduct. Additionally, Freedom in the World 2013 states that police forces routinely abuse of their power, carrying out unlawful and arbitrary arrests.

According to Transparency International’s Global Corruption Barometer 2013, a significant number of surveyed Sudanese households perceive the police to be corrupt/extremely corrupt.

Business Corruption

Companies should be aware that the police have a reputation of being corrupt. According to the Human Rights Report 2010, there are reports of businesspeople being detained without due process for having failed to pay back loans to Sudanese banks. The Human Rights Report 2013 states that the police in Sudan do not need a warrant to make arrests. Although the Interim National Constitution stipulates that citizens should be informed of the charges when arrested, arrests are frequently made without charges. However, indefinite detentions are frequent in practice.

According to the Investment Climate Statement 2013, Sudanese government officials and among them high-ranking police officials often have vested interests in state-owned enterprises, which makes them susceptible to corrupt practices. Additionally, the report notes that many of these officials also own and operate private enterprises, thereby receiving favourable treatment from the government. This creates the risk of an uneven playing field for foreign or poorly-connected businesses.

Political Corruption

All Africa reports in August 2013 that a police officer was sentenced by a court in Khartoum after he had reported corruption issue within the Interior Ministry to the president and the Sudanese police director. He was sentenced to four years in jail for falsifying information and damaging the reputation of the Interior Ministry.

Frequency

Transparency International: Global Corruption Barometer 2013:

- 68% of survey respondents consider police corrupt/extremely corrupt.

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