Country Profiles

Region: Europe & Central Asia

Albania Corruption Report

The Albania country profile provides detailed information on the corruption risks across key sectors and on ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

Armenia Corruption Report

The Armenia country profile describes the levels of corruption across important business sectors, as well as ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

Austria Corruption Report

Corruption is not a problem for businesses in Austria, but public procurement does pose a risk. The government actively ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

Azerbaijan Corruption Report

Azerbaijan's government shows a lack of commitment to fighting corruption. Government officials act with impunity; ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

Belarus Corruption Report

Corruption is widespread and obstructs a competitive business climate in Belarus. Bribery is criminalized, yet ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

Belgium Corruption Report

Corruption is not an issue for companies operating in Belgium, and bribery and/or facilitation payment demands are ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

Bosnia & Herzegovina Corruption Report

Corruption is a high risk for businesses in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Patronage and nepotism are widespread, and ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

Bulgaria Corruption Report

Corruption is a problem for companies in Bulgaria, and facilitation payment demands when registering businesses or ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

Croatia Corruption Report

Corruption, political patronage and inefficient bureaucracy are compliance risks in Croatia. The Criminal Code ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

Cyprus Corruption Report

Cyprus has a strong legal anti-corruption framework and has implemented laws effectively; however, the banking sector ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

Czech Republic Corruption Report

Corruption is a high risk for businesses in the Czech Republic. Anti-corruption laws are poorly enforced, and bribes ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

Denmark Corruption Report

Denmark is regarded as one of the world’s least corrupt countries, and corrupt practices rarely occur when doing ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

Estonia Corruption Report

Corruption is not a high risk for companies in Estonia, and bribery is uncommon. The relevant anti-corruption laws are ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

Finland Corruption Report

Corruption is not a constraint to doing business in Finland. Regulations are well-developed and transparent, and ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

France Corruption Report

Corruption is a very low risk for companies in France. The country has a strong legal framework to fight corruption, ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

Georgia Corruption Report

Corruption is a low risk for companies looking to invest in Georgia, for the government has reduced corruption and ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

Germany Corruption Report

Corruption is a very low risk for businesses in Germany, which enforces its anti-corruption legal framework both at ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

Greece Corruption Report

Corruption is a very high risk for businesses investing in Greece, and bribery or other corrupt practices are likely to ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

Hungary Corruption Report

Corruption is a high risk for business in Hungary, particularly when dealing with public procurement. Anti-corruption ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

Iceland Corruption Report

Corruption is generally not tolerated in Iceland. While a few isolated cases of corruption do occur, it is not ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

Ireland Corruption Report

Corruption is not a concern for businesses operating in Ireland, although companies face bribery risks at local ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

Italy Corruption Report

Corruption is a high risk for companies operating in Italy. The integrity of public officials is marred by their ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

Kazakhstan Corruption Report

Corruption is a high risk across most sectors in Kazakhstan. Bribery is rampant, and the government is ineffective in ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

Kosovo Corruption Report

Corruption in Kosovo is a high risk for business. Bribery is often a problem when dealing with public officials in ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

Kyrgyzstan Corruption Report

Rampant public-sector corruption and the weak enforcement of laws in Kyrgyzstan result in high anti-corruption ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

Latvia Corruption Report

Corruption is an obstacle to business in Latvia, particularly in the public procurement sector. Firms may encounter ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

Lithuania Corruption Report

Corruption is not an obstacle to business in Lithuania, but companies may encounter bribery or other corrupt practices ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

Luxembourg Corruption Report

Corruption is not an obstacle to business in Luxembourg. Companies are unlikely to encounter bribery or facilitation ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

Macedonia Corruption Report

Corruption is among the main challenges companies face in Macedonia. Businesses complain about bureaucratic red tape in ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

Malta Corruption Report

Corruption is a low risk for companies in Malta. The government has a comprehensive anti-corruption legal framework in ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

Moldova Corruption Report

Corruption is a high risk for companies in Moldova. The government lacks transparency, and public officials commit ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

Montenegro Corruption Report

Despite progress in public administrative reforms and efforts to improve the business environment, corruption remains a ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

Netherlands Corruption Report

Corruption is a low risk for businesses in the Netherlands. The anti-corruption legal framework is extensive and is ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

Norway Corruption Report

Corruption is a very low risk for companies in Norway. The anti-corruption legal framework is well enforced,and ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

Poland Corruption Report

Corruption is a high risk for business in Poland, and companies are likely to encounter bribery. Anti-corruption laws ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

Portugal Corruption Report

Companies in Portugal may encounter corruption ( the procurement sector poses risks) but do not identify it as a ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

Romania Corruption Report

Corruption is a high risk in some sectors in Romania. Foreign investors complain of occasional requests for bribes when ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

Russia Corruption Report

Corruption is a high risk in Russia, and companies may encounter bribery or facilitation payment requests. ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

Serbia Corruption Report

Corruption is a significant risk across sectors in Serbia. Bribery is widespread; public procurement is particularly ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

Slovakia Corruption Report

Businesses in Slovakia contend with high corruption risks. The lack of effective anti-corruption enforcement allows for ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

Slovenia Corruption Report

Corruption is an obstacle to business in Slovenia, particularly in the public procurement sector. Public officials ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

Spain Corruption Report

Corruption is an impediment to business in Spain. Despite this, bribery does not appear to be widespread and ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

Sweden Corruption Report

No sector in Sweden carries significant corruption risks for businesses. The country has a strong legal framework to ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

Switzerland Corruption Report

Corruption is not a risk to business in Switzerland. The public sector is transparent and efficient, although there are ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

Tajikistan Corruption Report

Corruption permeates almost all sectors of the economy in Tajikistan. A strong anti-corruption compliance program is ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

Turkey Corruption Report

Corruption is widespread in Turkey and is prevalent in the public procurement and construction sectors. Anti-corruption ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

Turkmenistan Corruption Report

Turkmenistan suffers from widespread corruption across all sectors. A strong anti-corruption compliance program is ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

Ukraine Corruption Report

Corruption is a significant business risk in Ukraine. Public officials frequently demand bribes, severely complicating ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

United Kingdom Corruption Report

Corruption is a very low risk for companies in the United Kingdom. The UK Bribery Act criminalizes corruption offenses ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

Uzbekistan Corruption Report

Corruption is a high risk in Uzbekistan and is widespread across all sectors of the economy. Government officials ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

Albania Corruption Report

The Albania country profile provides detailed information on the corruption risks across key sectors and on ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

Armenia Corruption Report

The Armenia country profile describes the levels of corruption across important business sectors, as well as ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

Austria Corruption Report

Corruption is not a problem for businesses in Austria, but public procurement does pose a risk. The government actively ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

Azerbaijan Corruption Report

Azerbaijan's government shows a lack of commitment to fighting corruption. Government officials act with impunity; ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

Belarus Corruption Report

Corruption is widespread and obstructs a competitive business climate in Belarus. Bribery is criminalized, yet ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

Belgium Corruption Report

Corruption is not an issue for companies operating in Belgium, and bribery and/or facilitation payment demands are ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

Bosnia & Herzegovina Corruption Report

Corruption is a high risk for businesses in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Patronage and nepotism are widespread, and ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

Bulgaria Corruption Report

Corruption is a problem for companies in Bulgaria, and facilitation payment demands when registering businesses or ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

Croatia Corruption Report

Corruption, political patronage and inefficient bureaucracy are compliance risks in Croatia. The Criminal Code ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

Cyprus Corruption Report

Cyprus has a strong legal anti-corruption framework and has implemented laws effectively; however, the banking sector ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

Czech Republic Corruption Report

Corruption is a high risk for businesses in the Czech Republic. Anti-corruption laws are poorly enforced, and bribes ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

Denmark Corruption Report

Denmark is regarded as one of the world’s least corrupt countries, and corrupt practices rarely occur when doing ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

Estonia Corruption Report

Corruption is not a high risk for companies in Estonia, and bribery is uncommon. The relevant anti-corruption laws are ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

Finland Corruption Report

Corruption is not a constraint to doing business in Finland. Regulations are well-developed and transparent, and ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

France Corruption Report

Corruption is a very low risk for companies in France. The country has a strong legal framework to fight corruption, ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

Georgia Corruption Report

Corruption is a low risk for companies looking to invest in Georgia, for the government has reduced corruption and ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

Germany Corruption Report

Corruption is a very low risk for businesses in Germany, which enforces its anti-corruption legal framework both at ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

Greece Corruption Report

Corruption is a very high risk for businesses investing in Greece, and bribery or other corrupt practices are likely to ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

Hungary Corruption Report

Corruption is a high risk for business in Hungary, particularly when dealing with public procurement. Anti-corruption ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

Iceland Corruption Report

Corruption is generally not tolerated in Iceland. While a few isolated cases of corruption do occur, it is not ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

Ireland Corruption Report

Corruption is not a concern for businesses operating in Ireland, although companies face bribery risks at local ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

Italy Corruption Report

Corruption is a high risk for companies operating in Italy. The integrity of public officials is marred by their ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

Kazakhstan Corruption Report

Corruption is a high risk across most sectors in Kazakhstan. Bribery is rampant, and the government is ineffective in ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

Kosovo Corruption Report

Corruption in Kosovo is a high risk for business. Bribery is often a problem when dealing with public officials in ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

Kyrgyzstan Corruption Report

Rampant public-sector corruption and the weak enforcement of laws in Kyrgyzstan result in high anti-corruption ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

Latvia Corruption Report

Corruption is an obstacle to business in Latvia, particularly in the public procurement sector. Firms may encounter ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

Lithuania Corruption Report

Corruption is not an obstacle to business in Lithuania, but companies may encounter bribery or other corrupt practices ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

Luxembourg Corruption Report

Corruption is not an obstacle to business in Luxembourg. Companies are unlikely to encounter bribery or facilitation ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

Macedonia Corruption Report

Corruption is among the main challenges companies face in Macedonia. Businesses complain about bureaucratic red tape in ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

Malta Corruption Report

Corruption is a low risk for companies in Malta. The government has a comprehensive anti-corruption legal framework in ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

Moldova Corruption Report

Corruption is a high risk for companies in Moldova. The government lacks transparency, and public officials commit ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

Montenegro Corruption Report

Despite progress in public administrative reforms and efforts to improve the business environment, corruption remains a ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

Netherlands Corruption Report

Corruption is a low risk for businesses in the Netherlands. The anti-corruption legal framework is extensive and is ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

Norway Corruption Report

Corruption is a very low risk for companies in Norway. The anti-corruption legal framework is well enforced,and ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

Poland Corruption Report

Corruption is a high risk for business in Poland, and companies are likely to encounter bribery. Anti-corruption laws ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

Portugal Corruption Report

Companies in Portugal may encounter corruption ( the procurement sector poses risks) but do not identify it as a ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

Romania Corruption Report

Corruption is a high risk in some sectors in Romania. Foreign investors complain of occasional requests for bribes when ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

Russia Corruption Report

Corruption is a high risk in Russia, and companies may encounter bribery or facilitation payment requests. ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

Serbia Corruption Report

Corruption is a significant risk across sectors in Serbia. Bribery is widespread; public procurement is particularly ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

Slovakia Corruption Report

Businesses in Slovakia contend with high corruption risks. The lack of effective anti-corruption enforcement allows for ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

Slovenia Corruption Report

Corruption is an obstacle to business in Slovenia, particularly in the public procurement sector. Public officials ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

Spain Corruption Report

Corruption is an impediment to business in Spain. Despite this, bribery does not appear to be widespread and ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

Sweden Corruption Report

No sector in Sweden carries significant corruption risks for businesses. The country has a strong legal framework to ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

Switzerland Corruption Report

Corruption is not a risk to business in Switzerland. The public sector is transparent and efficient, although there are ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

Tajikistan Corruption Report

Corruption permeates almost all sectors of the economy in Tajikistan. A strong anti-corruption compliance program is ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

Turkey Corruption Report

Corruption is widespread in Turkey and is prevalent in the public procurement and construction sectors. Anti-corruption ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

Turkmenistan Corruption Report

Turkmenistan suffers from widespread corruption across all sectors. A strong anti-corruption compliance program is ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

Ukraine Corruption Report

Corruption is a significant business risk in Ukraine. Public officials frequently demand bribes, severely complicating ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

United Kingdom Corruption Report

Corruption is a very low risk for companies in the United Kingdom. The UK Bribery Act criminalizes corruption offenses ...

Region: Europe & Central Asia

Uzbekistan Corruption Report

Corruption is a high risk in Uzbekistan and is widespread across all sectors of the economy. Government officials ...